Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis, A Book of Lists, 2nd Edition

Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis

2nd Edition A Book of Lists

By Mark Thompson, DVM, DABVP(Canine and Feline), Brevard Animal Hospital, Brevard, NC, USA


PART ONE: CLINICAL SIGNS APPROACH TO DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

  1. Abdominal Distension
  2. Abdominal Effusions and Ascites
  3. Abdominal Pain, Acute
  4. Aggressive Behavior
  5. Alopecia
  6. Anaphylaxis
  7. Anuria and Oliguria
  8. Anxiety and Phobias
  9. Ascites
  10. Ataxia and Incoordination
  11. Blindness
  12. Bradycardia, Sinus
  13. Cachexia and Muscle Wasting
  14. Compulsive Behavior Disorders
  15. Constipation
  16. Coughing
  17. Cyanosis
  18. Deafness
  19. Diarrhea, Acute
  20. Diarrhea, Chronic
  21. Dyschezia
  22. Dysphagia
  23. Dyspnea
  24. Dysuria
  25. Ecchymoses
  26. Edema
  27. Epistaxis
  28. Failure to Grow/Failure to Thrive
  29. Fever of Unknown Origin
  30. Flatulence
  31. Gagging
  32. Genital dermatoses - NEW!
  33. Halitosis
  34. Head Tilt
  35. Hematemesis
  36. Hematochezia
  37. Hematuria
  38. Hemoptysis
  39. Hemorrhage, Prolonged
  40. Horner?s Syndrome
  41. Hyperpigmentation (increased melanin in the epidermis) - NEW!
  42. Hyperthermia
  43. Hypopigmentation (due to melanocyte destruction, dysfunction, or abnormal distribution of melanosomes) - NEW!
  44. Hypothermia
  45. Icterus (Jaundice)
  46. Inappropriate Elimination
  47. Incontinence, Fecal
  48. Incontinence, Urinary
  49. Infertility, Female (Canine)
  50. Infertility, Male (Canine)
  51. Joint Swelling
  52. Lameness
  53. Lymphadenopathy (Lymph Node Enlargement)
  54. Melena
  55. Muscle Wasting
  56. Nasal Discharge
  57. Nystagmus
  58. Obesity
  59. Oliguria
  60. Pallor
  61. Papules and Pustules
  62. Paresis and Paralysis
  63. Petechiae and Ecchymoses
  64. Pollakiuria
  65. Polyuria and Polydipsia
  66. Pruritus
  67. Ptyalism (Excessive Salivation)
  68. Regurgitation
  69. Reverse Sneezing - NEW!
  70. Scaling and Crusting - NEW!
  71. Seizure
  72. Sneezing and Nasal Discharge
  73. Stertor and Stridor
  74. Stranguria, Dysuria, and Pollakiuria
  75. Stomatitis
  76. Stupor and Coma
  77. Syncope
  78. Tachycardia, Sinus
  79. Tenesmus and Dyschezia
  80. Tremor
  81. Urine, Discolored
  82. Urticaria/Angioedema
  83. Vision Loss, Sudden
  84. Vomiting
  85. Weakness
  86. Weight Gain
  87. Weight Loss

PART TWO: SYSTEMIC APPROACH TO DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Section I

    1. Cardiopulmonary Disorders
    2. Arrhythmias
    3. Aspiration Pneumonia- NEW!
    4. Atrioventricular Valve Disease, Chronic (Mitral or Tricuspid Valve)
    5. Cardiomegaly
    6. Chylothorax - NEW!
    7. Congenital Heart Disease
    8. Heart Failure
    9. Heartworm Disease
    10. Hypertension
    11. Laryngeal and Pharyngeal Disease
    12. Lower Respiratory Tract Disease
    13. Mediastinal Disease
    14. Myocardial Diseases
    15. Murmurs
    16. Pericardial Effusion
    17. Pleural Effusion
    18. Pulmonary Disease
    19. Pulmonary Edema
    20. Pulmonary Thromboembolism
    21. Tachycardia, Sinus
    22. Section II

    23. Dermatologic Disorders
    24. Allergic Skin Disease
    25. Alopecia, Endocrine
    26. Erosions and Ulcerations of Skin or Mucous Membranes - NEW!
    27. Folliculitis
    28. Otitis Externa, Chronic
    29. Parasitic Dermatoses
    30. Pigmentation
    31. Pyoderma
    32. Section III

    33. Endocrinologic and Metabolic Disorders
    34. Acromegaly
    35. Adrenal Tumors
    36. Cretinism (Hypothyroidism in Puppies)
    37. Diabetes Insipidus
    38. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    39. Diabetes Mellitus
    40. Gastrinoma (Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome)
    41. Glucagonoma
    42. Hyperadrenocorticism
    43. Hyperglycemia
    44. Hypoadrenocorticism
    45. Hypoglycemia
    46. Hyponatremia/Hyperkalemia
    47. Insulinoma
    48. Parathyroidism
    49. Pheochromocytoma
    50. Pituitary Dwarfism
    51. Thyroid Disease
    52. Section IV

    53. Gastroenterologic Disorders
    54. Chronic Constipation, Feline - NEW!
    55. Diarrhea
    56. Dental and Oral Cavity Diseases
    57. Diseases of the Tongue - NEW!
    58. Salivary Gland Disease
    59. Esophageal Disease
    60. Stomach Disorders
    61. Small Intestinal Disease
    62. Large Intestinal Disease
    63. Ileus
    64. Malabsorptive Diseases
    65. Perianal Disease
    66. Protein-Losing Enteropathy
    67. Fecal Incontinence
    68. Section V

    69. Hematologic Disorders
    70. Anemia
    71. Coagulopathies, Inherited and Acquired
    72. Leukocyte Disorders
    73. Platelet Dysfunction
    74. Splenitis/Splenomegaly
    75. Thrombocytopenia
    76. Section VI

    77. Immunologic and Immune-Mediated Disorders
    78. Autoimmune Skin Diseases
    79. Immune-Mediated Disease
    80. Immune System Components
    81. Mechanisms of Immunopathologic Injury - NEW!
    82. Organ Systems Affected by Autoimmune Disorders in the Dog and Cat -- NEW!
    83. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
    84. Section VII

    85. Infectious Disease
    86. Anaplasmosis, Canine - NEW!
    87. Bacterial Infections, Systemic
    88. Ehrlichiosis, Canine
    89. Influenza, Canine - NEW!
    90. Neorickettsiosis, Canine
    91. Mycoses, Systemic - NEW!
    92. Polysystemic Protozoal Diseases
    93. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    94. Sepsis and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
      (SIRS)
    95. Vaccines, Recommended Core vs. Non-Core - NEW!
    96. Viruses, Canine
    97. Viruses, Feline
    98. Section VIII

    99. Joint and Bone Disorders
    100. Arthritis
    101. Bone Disorders
    102. Section IX

    103. Liver and Exocrine Pancreatic Disorders
    104. Cholangitis and Cholangiohepatitis, Feline
    105. Exocrine Pancreatic Disease
    106. Gallbladder and Extrahepatic Biliary Disease
    107. Hepatic Encephalopathy
    108. Hepatic Lipidosis, Feline
    109. Hepatobiliary Disease
    110. Hepatomegaly and Microhepatica
    111. Hyperlipidemia
    112. Pancreatitis
    113. Portosystemic Shunt, Congenital
    114. Vacuolar Hepatopathy, Canine
    115. Section X

    116. Neoplasia
    117. Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity
    118. Corticosteroid Therapy
    119. Humoral Hypercalcemia - NEW!
    120. Histiocytic Disease
    121. Lymphoma
    122. Paraneoplastic Syndromes
    123. Sarcomas
    124. Thyroid Neoplasms
    125. Tumors
    126. Section XI

    127. Neurologic and Neuromuscular Disorders
    128. Brain Disease, Congenital or Hereditary
    129. Cognitive Dysfunction
    130. Cranial Nerve (CN) Deficits
    131. Head Tilt
    132. Inflammatory Disease of the Nervous System
    133. Intracranial Neoplasms
    134. Myasthenia Gravis
    135. Myositis and Myopathies
    136. Neurologic Examination
    137. Paroxysmal Disorders Confused with Epileptic Seizures - NEW!
    138. Peripheral Neuropathies
    139. Spinal Cord Disease
    140. Spinal Cord Lesions
    141. Systemic Disease
    142. Vestibular Disease
    143. Section XII

    144. Ocular Disorders
    145. Anisocoria - NEW!
    146. Blindness, Acute
    147. Corneal Color Changes - NEW!
    148. Eyelids and Periocular Skin - NEW!
    149. Non-healing Corneal Erosions (Ulcers) in Dogs - NEW!
    150. Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Diseases
    151. Ocular Neoplasia - NEW!
    152. Red Eye - NEW!
    153. Retinal Detachment - NEW!
    154. Uveitis - NEW!
    155. Section XIII

    156. Toxicology
    157. Chemical Toxicoses
    158. Plant Toxicoses
    159. Venomous Bites and Stings
    160. Section XIV

    161. Urogenital Disorders
    162. Differentiating between urine marking and inappropriate elimination in cats - NEW!
    163. Glomerular Disease
    164. Indications for Cytoscopy - NEW!
    165. Mammary Masses - NEW!
    166. Prostatic Disease
    167. Proteinuria in Dogs and Cats - NEW!
    168. Pyelonephritis, BacterialRenal Disease
    169. Reproductive Disorders
    170. Ureteral Diseases
    171. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    172. Uroliths, Canine
    173. Vaginal Discharge
    174. Section XV

      Pain Diagnosis - NEW!

    175. Acute Pain Assessment - NEW!
    176. Acute Pain Preemptive Scoring System (examples in each category) - NEW!
    177. Chronic Pain Assessment - NEW!

PART THREE: LABORATORY VALUES AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

  1. Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody
  2. Activated Coagulation Time (ACT)
  3. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
  4. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), Endogenous
  5. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) Stimulation Test
  6. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, formerly SGPT)
  7. Albumin
  8. Alkaline Phosphatase, Serum (SAP or ALP)
  9. Ammonia
  10. Amylase, Serum
  11. Anion Gap
  12. Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)
  13. Arterial Blood Gases
  14. Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST, formerly SGOT)
  15. Basophil Count
  16. Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
  17. Bile Acids
  18. Bilirubin
  19. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
  20. Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time (BMBT)
  21. Calcium (Ca)
  22. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  23. Chloride (Cl)
  24. Cholesterol (CH)
  25. Cholinesterase
  26. Cobalamin
  27. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  28. Coombs? Test
  29. Cortisol
  30. Creatine Kinase (CK, f NEW!ormerly CPK)
  31. Creatinine
  32. Cytologic Criteria of Malignancy - NEW!
  33. Cytologic Features of Discrete Cell (Round Cell) Tumors - NEW!
  34. Cytologic Features of Mesenchymal Cells - NEW!
  35. Cytologic Features of Normal Epithelial Cells - NEW!
  36. Cytology of Ear Canal Swabs - NEW!
  37. Cytology of Nasal Swabs or Flush Specimens - NEW!
  38. Dexamethasone Suppression Tests
  39. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC), Diagnostic Tests
  40. Eosinophil Count
  41. Erythrocyte Count (Red Blood Cell [RBC] Count)
  42. Folate
  43. Fructosamine
  44. Gamma Glutamyltransferase (GGT)
  45. Globulin, p. xx
  46. Glucose
  47. Glucose Tolerance Test
  48. Glycosylated Hemoglobin
  49. Heartworm Antibody, Feline
  50. Heartworm Antigen, Canine
  51. Heartworm Antigen, Feline
  52. Hematocrit (Packed Cell Volume, PCV)
  53. Hemoglobin
  54. Hemolysis, Prevention in Laboratory Samples
  55. Immunoassays
  56. Insulin
  57. Iron-Binding Capacity (Total, TIBC)/Ferritin
  58. Joint Fluid (Arthrocentesis)
  59. Lipase
  60. Lymphocyte Count
  61. Magnesium (Mg)
  62. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
  63. Methemoglobinemia
  64. Methods of Sample Collection for Cytology
  65. Monocyte Count
  66. Myoglobinuria
  67. Neutrophil Count
  68. Osmolality
  69. Packed Cell Volume
  70. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)/Ionized Calcium
  71. Phosphorus (P)
  72. Platelet Count
  73. Polymerase Chain Reaction, p. xx - NEW!
  74. Potassium (K)
  75. Protein, Total (TP)
  76. Prothrombin Time (PT)
  77. Red Blood Cell (RBC) Count
  78. Reticulocyte Count
  79. Sodium (Na)
  80. Thoracocentesis Fluid
  81. Thrombocyte Count
  82. Thyroid Function Tests
  83. Toxoplasmosis Antibody Titer
  84. Triglycerides
  85. Trypsinogen-like Immunoreactivity (TLI)/Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity (PLI)
  86. Urinalysis
  87. Urine Cortisol/Creatinine Ratio
  88. von Willebrand?s Factor
  89. White Blood Cell (WBC) Count

Index