Fundamentals of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis, 3rd Edition

Fundamentals of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis

3rd Edition

By Nancy A. Brunzel, MS, CLS(NCA), Assistant Professor, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota


  1. Microscopy
  2. Quality Assurance and Safety
  3. Urine Specimen Types, Collection, and Preservation
  4. The Kidney
  5. The Renal Function
  6. Physical Examination of Urine
  7. Chemical Examination of Urine
  8. Microscopic Examination of Urine Sediment
    Urine Sediment Image Gallery
  9. Renal and Metabolic Disease
  10. Fecal Analysis
  11. Seminal Fluid Analysis
  12. Amniotic Fluid Analysis
  13. Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis
  14. Synovial Fluid Analysis
  15. Pleural, Pericardial, and Peritoneal Fluid Analysis
  16. Vaginal Fluid Analysis
  17. Automation of Urine and Body Fluid Analysis
  18. Body Fluid Analysis: Manual Hemacytometer Counts and Differential Slide Preparation

Glossary of Terms

Answers to Study Questions

Appendix A. Reagent Strip Guide

Appendix B. Reference Ranges