The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations: Musculoskeletal System, Volume 6, Part I - Upper Limb, 2nd Edition

The Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations: Musculoskeletal System, Volume 6, Part I - Upper Limb

2nd Edition

By Joseph P Iannotti, M.D., Ph.D. , Chairman, Orthopaedic and Rheumatologic Institute The Cleveland Clinic and Richard Parker, M.D., Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic


SECTION 1 - SHOULDER

ANATOMY

1-1 Scapula and Humerus: Posterior View, 2

1-2 Scapula and Humerus: Anterior View, 3

1-3 Clavicle, 4

1-4 Ligaments, 5

1-5 Glenohumeral Arthroscopic Anatomy, 6

1-6 Glenohumeral Arthroscopic Anatomy

(Continued), 7

1-7 Anterior Muscles, 8

1-8 Anterior Muscles: Cross Section, 9

1-9 Posterior Muscles, 10

1-10 Posterior Muscles: Cross Section, 11

1-11 Muscles of Rotator Cuff, 12

1-12 Muscles of Rotator Cuff:

Cross-Sections, 13

1-13 Axilla Dissection: Anterior View, 14

1-14 Axilla: Posterior Wall and Cord, 15

1-15 Deep Neurovascular Structures

and Intervals, 16

1-16 Axillary and Brachial Arteries, 17

1-17 Axillary Artery and Anastomoses

Around Scapula, 18

1-18 Brachial Plexus, 19

1-19 Peripheral Nerves: Dermatomes, 20

1-20 Peripheral Nerves: Sensory Distribution

and Neuropathy in Shoulder, 21

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS

Fractures and Dislocation

1-21 Proximal Humeral Fractures:

Neer Classification, 22

1-22 Proximal Humeral Fractures: Two-Part

Tuberosity Fracture, 23

1-23 Proximal Humeral Fractures: Two Part

Surgical Neck Fracture and Humeral

Head Dislocation, 24

1-24 Proximal Humeral Fractures: Valgus-

Impacted Four-Part Fracture, 25

1-25 Proximal Humeral Fractures: Displaced

Four-Part Fractures with Articular

Head Fracture, 26

1-26 Anterior Dislocation of Glenohumeral

Joint, 27

1-27 Anterior Dislocation of Glenohumeral

Joint: Pathologic Lesions, 28

1-28 Posterior Dislocation of Glenohumeral

Joint, 29

1-29 Acromioclavicular and Sternoclavicular

Dislocation, 30

1-30 Fractures of the Clavicle and

Scapula, 31

1-31 Fractures of the Clavicle and Scapular

(Continued), 32

Common Soft Tissue Disorders

1-32 Calcific Tendonitis, 33

1-33 Frozen Shoulder: Clinical

Presentation, 34

1-34 Frozen Shoulder: Risk Factors and

Diagnostic Tests, 35

1-35 Biceps, Tendon Tears, and SLAP

Lesions: Presentation and Physical

Examination, 36

1-36 Biceps, Tendon Tears, and SLAP Lesions:

Types of Tears, 37

1-37 Acromioclavicular Joint Arthritis, 38

1-38 Impingement Syndrome and the Rotator

Cuff: Presentation and Diagnosis, 39

1-39 Impingement Syndrome and the

Rotator Cuff: Radiologic and

Arthroscopic Imaging, 40

1-40 Rotator Cuff Tears: Physical

Examination, 41

1-41 Supraspinatus and Infraspinatus Rotator

Cuff Tears: Imaging, 42

1-42 Supraspinatus and Infraspinatus

Rotator Cuff Tears: Surgical

Management, 43

1-43 Subscapularis Rotator Cuff Tears:

Diagnosis, 44

1-44 Osteoarthritis of the Glenohumeral

Joint, 45

1-45 Avascular Necrosis of the Humeral

Head, 46

1-46 Rheumatoid Arthritis of the

Glenohumeral Joint: Radiographic

Presentations and Treatment

Options, 47

1-47 Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Glenohumeral

Joint: Conservative Humeral Head

Surface Replacement, 48

1-48 Rotator Cuff-Deficient Arthritis

(Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy): Physical

Findings and Appearance, 49

1-49 Rotator Cuff-Deficient Arthritis

(Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy):

Radiographic Findings, 50

1-50 Rotator Cuff-Deficient Arthritis

(Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy):

Radiographic Findings

(Continued), 51

1-51 Neurologic Conditions of the Shoulder:

Suprascapular Nerve, 52

1-52 Neurologic Conditions of the Shoulder:

Long Thoracic and Spinal Accessory

Nerves, 53

Amputation

1-53 Amputation of Upper Arm and

Shoulder, 54

INJECTIONS, BASIC REHABILITATION AND

SURGICAL APPROACHES

1-54 Shoulder Injections, 55

1-55 Basic, Passive, and Active-Assisted

Range-of-Motion Exercises, 56

1-56 Basic Shoulder-Strengthening

Exercises, 57

1-57 Basic Shoulder Strengthening Exercises

(Continued), 58

1-58 Common Surgical Approaches to the

Shoulder, 59

SECTION 2 - UPPER ARM AND ELBOW

ANATOMY

2-1 Topographic Anatomy, 62

2-2 Anterior and Posterior Views of

Humerus, 63

2-3 Elbow Joint: Bones, 64

2-4 Elbow Joint: Radiographs, 65

2-5 Elbow Ligaments, 66

2-6 Elbow Ligaments (Continued), 67

2-7 Muscles Origins and Insertions, 68

2-8 Muscles: Anterior Views, 69

2-9 Muscles: Posterior Views, 70

2-10 Cross Sectional Anatomy of Upper

Arm, 71

2-11 Cross Sectional Anatomy of Elbow, 72

2-12 Cutaneous Nerves and Superficial

Veins, 73

2-13 Cutaneous Innervation, 74

2-14 Musculocutaneous Nerve, 75

2-15 Radial Nerve, 76

2-16 Brachial Artery In Situ, 77

2-17 Brachial Artery and Anastomoses Around

Elbow, 78

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS

2-18 Physical Examination and Range of

Motion, 79

Fractures and Dislocation

2-19 Humeral Shaft Fractures, 80

2-20 Injury to the Elbow, 81

2-21 Fracture of Distal Humerus, 82

2-22 Fracture of Distal Humerus: Total

Elbow Arthroplasty, 83

2-23 Fracture of Distal Humerus:

Capitellum, 84

2-24 Fracture of Head and Neck

of Radius, 85

2-25 Fracture of Head and Neck

of Radius: Imaging, 86

2-26 Fracture of Olecranon, 87

2-27 Dislocation of Elbow Joint, 88

2-28 Dislocation of Elbow Joint

(Continued), 89

2-29 Injuries in Children: Supracondylar

Humerus Fractures, 90

2-30 Injuries in Children: Elbow, 91

2-31 Injuries in Children: Subluxation

of Radial Head, 92

2-32 Complications of Fracture, 93

Common Soft Tissue Disorders

2-33 Arthritis: Open and Arthroscopic

Elbow Debridement, 94

2-34 Arthritis: Elbow Arthroplasty

Options, 95

2-35 Arthritis: Imaging of Total Elbow

Arthroplasty Designs, 96

2-36 Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Sites of

Compression, 97

2-37 Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Clinical Signs

and Treatment, 98

2-38 Epicondylitis and Olecranon

Bursitis, 99

2-39 Rupture of Biceps and

Triceps Tendon, 100

2-40 Medial Elbow and Posterolateral Rotatory

Instability Tests, 101

2-41 Osteochondritis Dissecans of

the Elbow, 102

2-42 Osteochondrosis of the Elbow (Panner

Disease), 103

2-43 Congenital Dislocation of

Radial Head, 104

2-44 Congenital Radioulnar Synostosis, 105

INJECTIONS, BASIC REHABILITATION,

AND SURGICAL APPROACHES

2-45 Common Elbow Injections and Basic

Rehabilitation, 106

2-46 Surgical Approaches to the Upper Arm

and Elbow, 107

2-47 Surgical Approaches to the Upper Arm

and Elbow (Continued), 108

SECTION 3 - FOREARM AND WRIST

ANATOMY

3-1 Topographic Anatomy, 110

3-2 Bones and Joints of Forearm, 111

3-3 Bones and Joints of Wrist, 112

3-4 Radiologic Findings of Wrist, 113

3-5 Ligaments of Wrist, 114

3-6 Arthroscopy of Wrist, 115

3-7 Muscles: Superficial Layer

(Anterior View), 116

3-8 Muscles: Intermediate and Deep Layers

(Anterior View), 117

3-9 Muscles: Superficial and Deep Layers

(Posterior View), 118

3-10 Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Right

Forearm, 119

3-11 Cross-Sectional Anatomy of Wrist, 120

3-12 Muscles of Forearm: Origins and

Insertions, 121

3-13 Blood Supply of Forearm, 122

3-14 Median Nerve of Forearm, 123

3-15 Ulnar Nerve of Forearm, 124

3-16 Cutaneous Nerves of Forearm, 125

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS

3-17 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, 126

3-18 Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/Guyon

Canal, 127

3-19 Fracture of Distal Radius: Colles

Fracture, 128

3-20 Fracture of Distal Radius: Barton

Fracture, 129

3-21 Fracture of Distal Radius: Radiology, 130

3-22 Fracture of Distal Radius: Closed

Reduction and Plaster Cast Immobilization

of Colles Fracture, 131

3-23 Fracture of Distal Radius: Radiology

of Open Reduction and Internal

Fixation (ORIF), 132

3-24 Fracture of Scaphoid: Presentation

and Classification, 133

3-25 Fracture of Scaphoid: Blood Supply

and Treatment, 134

3-26 Fracture of Scaphoid: Radiology, 135

3-27 Fracture of Hamulus of Hamate, 136

3-28 Dislocation of Carpus: Presentation

and Treatment, 137

3-29 Dislocation of Carpus: Radiology, 138

3-30 Fracture of Both Forearm Bones, 139

3-31 Fracture of Shaft of Ulna, 140

3-32 Fracture of Shaft of Radius, 141

3-33 Ganglion of Wrist, 142

3-34 De Quervain Disease, 143

3-35 Rheumatoid Arthritis of Wrist, 144

3-36 Arthritis of Wrist, 145

3-37 Kienböck Disease, 146

3-38 Radial Longitudinal Deficiency: Forearm

Manifestations, 147

3-39 Radial Longitudinal Deficiency: Type II

Hypoplastic Thumb, 148

SECTION 4 - HAND AND FINGER

ANATOMY

4-1 Topographic Anatomy, Bones, and

Origins and Insertions of the Hand:

Anterior View), 150

4-2 Topographic Anatomy, Bones, and

Origins and Insertions of the Hand:

Posterior View, 151

4-3 Metacarpophalangeal and Interphalangeal

Ligaments, 152

4-4 Definitions of Hand Motion, 153

4-5 Flexor and Extensor Tendons

in Fingers, 154

4-6 Flexor and Extensor Zones and

Lumbrical Muscles, 155

4-7 Muscles: Deep Dorsal Dissection, 156

4-8 Muscles: Intrinsic Muscles, 157

4-9 Spaces, Bursae, and Tendon and Lumbrical

Sheaths, 158

4-10 Muscles: Palmar Dissections, 159

4-11 Vascular Supply of the Hand

and Finger, 160

4-12 Innervation of the Hand: Ulnar

Nerve, 161

4-13 Median Nerve, 162

4-14 Radial Nerve, 163

4-15 Skin and Subcutaneous Fascia:

Anterior (Palmar) View, 164

4-16 Skin and Subcutaneous Fascia:

Posterior (Dorsal) View, 165

4-17 Lymphatic Drainage, 166

4-18 Sectional Anatomy: Digits, 167

4-19 Sectional Anatomy: Thumb, 168

DEGENERATIVE AND SYSTEMIC DISORDERS

4-20 Hand Involvement in Osteoarthritis, 169

4-21 Hand Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis

and Psoriatic Arthritis, 170

4-22 Hand Involvement in Gouty Arthritis

and Reiter Syndrome, 171

4-23 Deformities of Thumb Joints:

Metacarpophalangeal Deformities, 172

4-24 Deformities of Thumb Joints:

Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis, 173

4-25 Deformities of Thumb Joints: Ligament

Replacement and Tendon Interposition

Arthroplasty, 174

4-26 Deformities of the Metacarpophalangeal

Joints: Implant Resection

Arthroplasty, 175

4-27 Deformities of the Metacarpophalangeal

Joints: Implant Resection Arthroplasty

(Continued), 176

4-28 Deformities of the Metacarpophalangeal

Joints: Implant Resection Arthroplasty

(Continued), 177

4-29 Deformities of the Metacarpophalangeal

Joints: Modular versus Implant

Resection Arthroplasty, 178

4-30 Deformities of Interphalangeal Joint:

Radiographic Findings, 179

4-31 Deformities of Interphalangeal Joint:

Swan-Neck and Boutonniere, 180

4-32 Deformities of Interphalangeal Joint:

Implant Resection Arthroplasty, 181

4-33 Deformities of Interphalangeal Joint:

Modular versus Implant Resection

Arthroplasty, 182

4-34 Dupuytren Contracture: Presentation

and Treatment, 183

4-35 Dupuytren Contracture: Surgical Approach

to Finger, 184

INFECTIONS AND TENDON DISORDERS

4-36 Cellulitis and Abscess, 185

4-37 Tenosynovitis and Infection of

Fascial Space, 186

4-38 Tenosynovitis and Infection of

Fascial Space (Continued), 187

4-39 Infected Wounds, 188

4-40 Infection of Deep Compartments

of Hand, 189

4-41 Lymphangitis, 190

4-42 Bier Block Anesthesia, 191

4-43 Thumb Carpometacarpal Injection,

Digital Block, and Flexor Sheath

Injection, 192

4-44 Trigger Finger and Jersey Finger, 193

4-45 Repair of Tendon, 194

FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

4-46 Fracture of Metacarpal Neck

and Shaft, 195

4-47 Fracture of Thumb Metacarpal

Base, 196

4-48 Fracture of Proximal and Middle

Phalanges, 197

4-49 Management of Fracture of Proximal

and Middle Phalanges, 198

4-50 Special Problems in Fracture of Middle

and Proximal Phalanges, 199

4-51 Thumb Ligament Injury and

Dislocation, 200

4-52 Carpometacarpal and

Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Injury, 201

4-53 Dorsal and Palmar Interphalangeal

Joint Dislocations, 202

4-54 Treatment of Dorsal Interphalangeal

Joint Dislocation, 203

4-55 Injuries to the Fingertip, 204

4-56 Rehabilitation after Injury to Hand

and Fingers, 205

AMPUTATION AND REPLANTATION

4-57 Amputation of Phalanx, 206

4-58 Amputation of Thumb and Deepening

of Thenar Web Cleft, 207

4-59 Amputation in the Hand: Thumb

Lengthening Post Amputation, 208

4-60 Microsurgical Instrumentation for

Replantation, 209

4-61 Debridement, Incisions, and

Repair of Bone in Replantation

of Digit, 210

4-62 Repair of Blood Vessels and Nerves, 211

4-63 Postoperative Dressing and Monitoring

of Blood Flow, 212

4-64 Replantation of Avulsed Thumb

and Midpalm, 213

4-65 Lateral Arm Flap for Defect of

Thumb Web, 214

4-66 Transfer of Great Toe to Thumb Site, 215