Clinical Ocular Toxicology, Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects

Clinical Ocular Toxicology

Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects

By Frederick T. Fraunfelder, MD, Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR, USA and Wiley A. Chambers


Instructions to Users

1 Principles of Therapy, Focke Ziemssen, MD, Manfred Zierhut, MD

2 Ocular Drug Delivery and Ocular Toxicology, Frederick T. ?Fritz? Fraunfelder, MD

3 Methods to Evaluate Drug-Induced Visual Side Effects, Wiley A. Chambers, MD

4 Electrophysiology testing in Ocular Toxicology, Eberhart Zrenner, MD

5 National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects, Frederick W. ?Rick? Fraunfelder, MD, Frederick T. ?Fritz? Fraunfelder, MD

6 Herbal Medicines and Dietary Supplements - An Overview Frederick W. ?Rick? Fraunfelder, MD

7 Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects

Section 1 ? Anti-Infectives

* AIDS-Related Agents * Amebicides * Antihelmintics * Antibiotics * Antifungal Agents * Antileprosy Agents * Antimalarial Agents * Antiprotozoal Agents * Antitubercular Agents

Section 2 ? Agents Affecting the Central Nervous System

* Analeptics * Anorexiants * Antianxiety Agents * Anticonvulsants * Antidepressants * Antipsychotic Agents * Psychedelic Agents * Sedatives and Hypnotics

Section 3 ? Analgesics, Narcotic Antagonists, and Agents Used to Treat Arthritis

* Agents Used to Treat Gout * Antirheumatic Agents * Mild Analgesics * Narcotic Antagonists* Strong Analgesics

Section 4 ? Agents Used in Anesthesia

* Adjuncts to Anesthesia * General Anesthesia* Local Anesthetics * Therapeutic Gases

Section 5 ? Gastrointestinal Agents

* Agents Used to Treat Acid Peptic Disorders * Antacids * Antiemetics * Antilipidemic Agents * Antispasmodics * Gastrointestinal and Urinary Tract Stimulants

Section 6 ? Cardiac, Vascular and Renal Agents

* Agents Used to Treat Migraine * Antianginal Agents * Antiarrythmic Agents * Antihypertensive Agents * Bronchodilators * Diuretics * Osmotics * Peripheral Vasodilators * Vasopressors

Section 7 ? Hormones and Agents Affecting Hormonal Mechanisms

* Adrenal Corticosteroids * Androgens * Antithyroid Agents * Erectile Dysfunction Agents * Estrogens and Progestogens * Ovulatory Agents * Thyroid Hormones

Section 8 ? Agents Affecting Blood Formation and Coagulability

* Agents Used to Treat Deficiency Anemias * Anticoagulants * Blood Substitutes

Section 9 ? Homeostatic Agents

* Agents Used to Treat Hyperglycemia

Section 10 ? Agents Used to Treat Allergic and Neuromuscular Disorders

* Agents Used to Treat Myasthenia Gravis * Antihistamines * Antiparkinsonism Agents * Cholinesterase Reactivators * Muscle Relaxants

Section 11 ? Oncolytic Agents

* Antineoplastic Agents

Section 12 ? Heavy Metal Antagonists and Miscellaneous Agents

* Agents Used to Treat Alcoholism * Calcium Regulating Agents * Chelating Agents * Diagnostic Aids * Immunosuppressants * Retinoids * Solvents * Vaccines

Section 13 ? Drugs Used in Ophthalmology

* Agents Used to Treat Age-Related Macular Degeneration * Agents Used to Treat Allergies * Agents Used to Treat Glaucoma * Antiviral Agents * Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors * Decongestants * Mydriatics and Cycloplegics * Neurotoxins * Ophthalmic Dyes * Ophthalmic Implants * Ophthalmic Preservatives and Antiseptics * Proteolytic Enzymes * Topical Local Anesthetics * Topical Ocular Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs * Topical Osmotic Agents * Viscoelastics

8 Chemical-Induced Ocular Side Effects, Devin Gattey, MD

* Acids * Aerosals * Alcohols * Alkali * Bleaches * Detergents * Glues * Herbicides and Insecticides * Hydrocarbons * Miscellaneous

9 Herbal Medicines and Dietary Supplement-Induced Ocular Side Effects

10 Index of Side Effects

11 Index of Drug Names