Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets

Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets

By Joerg Mayer, Dr.med.vet., M.Sc. Dip. ABVP (exotic companion mammal), DECZM (small mammal), Associate Professor of Zoological Medicine, Department of Small Animal Medicine & Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA and Thomas M. Donnelly, BVSc, DACLAM, Warren Institute, Ossining, NY, USA


Section I: Diseases and Disorders

INVERTEBRATES

Abscesses/Granulomas

Alopecia

Bacterial Diseases

Dehydration

Dysecdysis

Fungal Infections, Superficial and Systemic

Infectious Diseases of Acroporid Corals

Intoxication

Mites (Acarii)

Panagrolaimidae Oral Nematodes in Tarantulas

Trauma

Viral Diseases

FISH

Bacterial Diseases

Dropsy

Ectoparasites, Crustacean

Flukes (Monogenean Parasites)

Fungal Diseases

Gastrointestinal Nematode and Cestode Parasites

Gastrointestinal Protozoal Parasites

Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE)

Koi Herpes Virus Infection (KHV)

Lymphocystis

Protozoal Ectoparasites (Ciliated and Flagellated)

Spring Viremia of Carp (SVC)

Swim Bladder Disease

Trauma and Wound Management

Ulcer Disease in Koi

Viral Diseases

Viral Epidermal Hyperplasia (Carp Pox)

Water Quality and Pet Fish Health

AMPHIBIANS

Ammonia Toxicosis

Amoebiasis

Chromomycosis

Cloacal Prolapse

Coccidiosis

Corneal Lipidosis or Xanthomatosis

Flagellate Enterocolitits

Gastrointestinal Foreign Body or Overload

Hypovitaminosis A

Mycobacteriosis

Nematodiasis

Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

Saprolegniasis

Septicemia

Trauma and Wound Management

Vomiting

Weight Loss

REPTILES

Abscesses

Adenovirus Infection

Aggression

Bacterial Dermatitis

Calicivirus Infection

CANV/Fungal Disease

Cardiac Disease

Chlamydophilosis

Cloacal Prolapse

Coccidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis

Dermatomycosis

Dermatophilosis (Rain Rot)

Diarrhea

Dysecdysis

Ectoparasites

Entamoebiasis

Gout

Hepatic Lipidosis

Herpesvirus Infections

Hyperglycemia

Hypervitaminosis A

Hypovitaminosis A

Inclusion Body Disease of Snakes

Iridovirus Infection

Liver Disease

Mycobacteriosis

Mycoplasma

Nematodiasis

Nutritional Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (NSHP)

Orthopedics and Fracture Repair

Paramyxovirus Infection

Paraphimosis

Pentastomes

Periodontal Disease

Proliferative Spinal Osteoarthropathy

Regurgitation/Vomiting

Renal Disease

Reovirus Infections

Respiratory (Lower) Tract Disease/Pneumonia

Salmonella

Stomatits, Bacterial

BIRDS

Abscesses

Anemia

Anorexia

Ascites

Aspergillosis

Cardiac Disease

Central Nervous System Signs and Neurologic Conditions

Chlamydophila psittaci

Chronic Egg Laying

Cloacal Prolapse

Conjunctivitis

Constipation (Ileus)

Crop Stasis

Dehydration

Diarrhea

Dystocia

Ectoparasitism

Edema, Soft Tissue

Emaciation

Enteritis

Feather Picking

Follicular Stasis

Foreign Bodies

Fractures

Gout

Heavy Metal Toxicity

Hepatic Lipidosis

Hypocalcemia

Hypovitaminosis

Liver Disease

Megabacteriosis

Mycoses

Neurologic Disease

Ocular Lesions

Organophosphate Toxicity

Overgrown Beak and Claws

Papillomas

Pneumonia

Pododermatitis

Polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) Toxicity

Proventricular Dilatation Disease

Regurgitation/Vomiting

Renal Disease

Sinusitis, Chronic

Trauma

Tumors

Uropygeal Gland Disease Conditions

Viral Diseases

SMALL MAMMALS

Rats

Chromodacryorrhea

Mammary and Pituitary Tumors

Renal Disease

Respiratory Tract Disease, Acute

Respiratory Tract Disease, Chronic

Skin Diseases

Guinea Pigs

Anorexia

Cheilitis

Dental Disease

Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus

Hyperthyroidism

Hypovitaminosis C

Intestinal Disorders

Neurological Disorders

Ocular Disorders

Ovarian Cysts

Pododermatitis

Pregnancy and Parturient Disorders

Perineal Sac Impaction or Rectal Impaction

Respiratory Tract Disease

Skin Diseases

Strep Zooepidemicus

Urolithiasis

Uterine and Vaginal Disorders

Hamsters

Andominal Distension

Cardiac Disease

Cheek Pouch Disorders

Dental Disease

Intestinal Disorders

Ocular Disorders

Renal Disease

Skin Diseases

Gerbils

Ovarian Disease

Chinchillas

Cardiac Disease

Dental Disease

Fur Disorders

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Ocular Disorders

Penile Disorders

Prairie Dogs

Odontoma

Degus

Behavioral Disorders

Dental Disease

Diabetes Mellitus

Hedgehogs

Cardiomyopathy

Neoplasia

Skin Diseases

Wobbly Hedgehog Syndrome

Sugar Gliders

Behavioral Disorders

Nutritional Disorders

RABBITS

Abscesses

Anorexia

Arthritis

Behavioral Disorders

Buphthalmia and Glaucoma

Cardiovascular Disease

Cataracts

Cherry Eye

Coccidiosis

Conjunctival Disorders

Cutaneous Masses

Dacryocystits and Epiphora

Dental Disease

Dermatopathies

Dysautonomia (Grass Sickness)

Ectoparasites

Electrocution

Encephalitis

Encephalitizoonosis

Endoparasites

Floppy Rabbit Syndrome

Gastric Disorders

Hemorrhagic Disease

Hepatic Disorders

Intestinal Disorders

Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders

Lower Urinary Tract Disorders

Lymphosarcoma

Mammary Gland Disorders

Myxomatosis

Obesity

Otitis

Pasteurellosis

Pododermatitis

Pregnancy Toxaemia

Pseudopregnancy

Renal Disorders

Splay-Leg

Staphylococcosis

Testicular Tumors

Thymoma

Treponematosis

Upper Respiratory Tract Disorders

Uterine Disorders

Uveitis

Vestibular Disease

FERRETS

Adrenal Disease

Aleutian Disease

Campylobacter spp. Infections

Cataracts

Chordoma

Cryptococcosis

Dental Disease

Dirofilariasis

Distemper

Ear Mites

Ectoparasites

Endoparasites

Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis

Epizootic Catarrhal Enteritis

Ferret Systemic Coronaviral Disease (FSCD)

Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies

Heart Disease, AV block

Heart Disease, Structural

Helicobacter mustelae-Associated Gastritis and Ulcers

Hepatobiliary Disease

Hyperestrogenism Anemia

Ibuprofen and Acetaminophin Toxicity

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Influenza

Insulinoma

Lymphoma

Mastitis

Megaesophagus

Myofascitis

Neonatal Diseases

Osteoma

Ovarian Neoplasia

Ovarian Remnant Syndrome

Pregnancy Toxemia

Proliferative Bowel Disease

Prostatic Disease

Renal Disorders

Skin Tumors

Splenomegaly

Urolithiasis

Vaccine Reactions

Section II: Procedures and Techniques

Section III: Differential Diagnosis

Section IV: Laboratory Tests

Section V: Clinical Algorithms

Appendix: Client Handouts