The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction and Basic Science1, Expert Consult: Online, Print and DVD

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction and Basic Science1

Expert Consult: Online, Print and DVD

By Chadwick Prodromos, MD, Medical Director, Illinois Orthoapedics and Sports Medicine Centers; Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University College of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Charles Brown, MD, PhD, Fellow, Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Freddie H. Fu, MD, Blue Cross of Western Pennsylvania, Professor and Executive Vice Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Musculoskeletal Institute, Pittsburgh, PA; Anastasios D. Georgoulis; Alberto Gobbi; Stephen M. Howell; Don Johnson; Lonnie E. Paulos; and K. Donald Shelbourne


SECTION I - ACL INJURY

Part A - Anatomy, Physiology, Biomechanics, Epidemiology

1. The Anatomy and Biomechanics of the ACL- James S. Starman, Mario Ferretti, Timo Jarvela,
Anthony Buoncristiani, Freddie H. Fu

2. Mechanisms of Non-Contact ACL Injuries-William E. Garrett, Jr, Bing Yu

3. Risk and Gender Factors for Non-Contact ACL Injury ? Letha Y. Griffin, James Kercher

4. The Incidence of ACL Injury as a Function of Gender, Sport, and Injury Reduction Programs ?
Chadwick Prodromos, Yung Han

5. Analysis of ACL Injury Prevention Programs for the Female Athlete ? Holly J. Silvers, Robert H. Brophy, Bert R. Mandelbaum

Part B - Clinical

6. Diagnosis of ACL Tear ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Murphy

7. The Non-Operative Treatment of ACL Deficient Patients? Elias Tsepis, Anastasios Georgulies

8. Arthrosis Following ACL Reconstruction ? Nicholas E. Ohly, John F. Keating

SECTION II - ACL RECONSTRUCTION

9. The Economics of ACL Reconstruction ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

Part A - GRAFT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

10. The Relative Strengths of ACL Autografts and Allografts ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

11. Why Synthetic Grafts Failed ? Don Johnson

Part B - AUTOGRAFT HARVEST TECHNIQUES

12. Hamstring Harvest Technique for ACL Reconstruction ? Don Johnson

13. Posterior Mini-Incision Hamstring Harvest Approach for ACL Reconstruction-Chadwick Prodromos

14. Technique for Harvesting a Mid-Third Patella Tendon Graft For ACL Reconstruction-Bertram
Zarins

15. The Central Quadriceps Free Tendon for ACL Reconstruction ? John P. Fulkerson

Part C - HAMSTRING GRAFT CONFIGURATIONS

16. Hamstring ACL Reconstruction with a Quadrupled or Tripled Senitendinosus Tendon Graft ? Alberto Gobbi, Ramces Francisco

17. 2ST/2Gr, 4ST and 3ST/2GR Techniques: and Deciding Which Hamstring Configuration to Use-
Chadwick Prodromos

Part D - PRINCIPLES OF TUNNEL FORMATION

Sub-Part i - Single Femoral Tunnel Formation

18. Use of the Transtibial Technique Avoids PCL and Roof Impingement of an Anterior Cruciate
Ligament Graft-Stephen M. Howell

19. The Anteromedial Portal for ACL Reconstruction-Manfred Bernard, Stavros Ristanis, Vassilis Chouliaras, Hans Paessler, Anastasios Georgoulis

20. The Retrodrill Technique for ACL Reconstruction - G. Puddu, G. Cerullo, M. Cipolla, V. Franco, E. Giannì

21. Femoral Tunnel Placement to Restore Normal Knee Laxity After ACL Reconstruction ? Andrew A.
Amis

Sub-Part ii - Double AM and PL Femoral Tunnel Formation

22. Anatomic Double-bundle ACL Reconstruction Procedure Using the Semitendinosus and Gracilis Tendons - Kazunori Yasuda

23. Double Stranded Graft with Four Tunnels for Anatomic ACL Reconstruction ? Pascal Christel,
Philippe Colombet, James Robinson, Jean Pierre Franceschi, Patrick Djian, Abdou Sbihi, Guy
Bellier

24. Anatomic Double Bundle ACL Reconstruction with a Semitendinosus Hamstring Tendon Graft -Alberto Gobbi, and Ramces Francisco

25. Anatomic Double Bundle Reconstruction of the ACL- Anthony Buoncristiani, Fotios Paul
Tjoumakaris, James S. Starman, Freddie H. Fu

Sub-Part iii - Notchplasty and Navigation

26. The Notchplasty - Mark R. Hutchinson

27. Computer Assisted Navigation for ACL Reconstruction ? Jason Koh

Part E - FIXATION BIOMECHANICS

28. Biomechanics of Intratunnel ACL Graft Fixation - Neal Chen, Charles H. Brown

29. High Stiffness, Slippage Resistant Cortical Fixation Has Many Advantages Over Intratunnel Fixation - Stephen M. Howell

30. Tibial Fixation for ACL Hamstring grafts: Ten techniques that improve fixation - Lonnie E. Paulos

Part F - FIXATION DEVICES AND METHODS SOFT TISSUE GRAFT FEMORAL FIXATION

Sub-Part i - Suspensory Cortical

31. Endobutton ACLR Femoral fixation ? Chadwick Prodromos

32. Cortical Screw-Post Femoral Fixation Using Whipstitches, Fabric Loop, or Endobutton: The Universal Salvage - Chadwick Prodromos

33. EZLOC Femoral Fixation Of a Soft Tissue Graft- Stephen M. Howell

Sub-Part ii - Cross Pin

34. Stratis ST Femoral Fixation System ® - Paul Re, Tony Wanich, Russell F. Warren

35. Pinn-ACL® CrossPin System for Femoral Graft Fixation - Arturo Almazán-Díaz, Donald H. Johnson

36. TransFix® ACL Femoral Fixation - Brian P. McKeon

37. Stryker Biosteon Cross-Pin Femoral Fixation for Soft-Tissue ACL Reconstruction ? John C. Anderson, Lonnie E. Paulos, Walt Lowe

38. ACL Reconstruction Utilizing the Rigidfix Femoral Sided Fixation-John Richmond, Michael Kuhn

Sub-Part iii - Interference Screw Based

39. Hamstring Tendon Interference Screw Fixation - Michael Wagner, Andreas Weiler

40. Anatomic Retroscrew ACL Fixation: Single Bundle and Double Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Retroscrew Biointerference in a Single Femoral Socket - Steven Gorin, Craig D. Morgan, David Caborn

Part G - SOFT TISSUE GRAFT TIBIAL FIXATION

Sub-Part i - Cortical

41. Fastlok Device for Tibial Fixation of a Tripled or Quadrupled Semitendinosus Autograft for ACL Reconstruction - Alberto Gobbi, Ramces Francisco

42. Whipstitch-Post Tibial Fixations for ACL ? Chadwick Prodromos, Aaron Hecker

43. Washerloc and Bone Dowel Tibial Fixation of a Soft Tissue Graft - Stephen M. Howell

44.Double Spike Plate (DSP): cortical fixation device enabling graft fixation under optional tension ? Konsei Shino

Sub-Part ii - Interference Screw Based

45. ACL Hamstring Graft Fixation with Bioscrew® Xtralok? - Tibial Fixation Device- Don Johnson

46. Intratunnel Tibial Fixation of Soft Tissue ACL Grafts: Graft Sleeve and Tapered ? Charles H. Brown, Nader Darwich

47. Hamstring ACL Reconstruction with IntraFix Tibial Fastener ? Joseph Sklar, Charles H. Brown

Part H ? BONE-PATELLAR-TENDON-BONE FIXATION: FEMUR OR TIBIA

48. Interference Screw Fixation in Bone-Patella Tendon-Bone ACL Reconstruction - Gene R. Barrett, Taylor D. Brown

49. ACL Reconstruction using a Miniarthrotomy Technique with either an Ipsilateral or Contralateral Autogenous Patellar Tendon Graft - K. Donald Shelbourne

50. Bone-Patella-Bone ACL Reconstruction Using the Endobutton Continuous Loop BTB Fixation System - Stuart E. Fromm

Part I - NEWER INTERFERENCE SCREW MATERIALS

51. The Milagro Osteoconductive Interference Screw for ACL Reconstruction - F. Alan Barber

52. Improving Biodegradable Interference Screw Properties by Combining Polymers - Timo Järvelä, Janne T. Nurmi, Antti Paakkala, Anna-Stina MoisalaAuvo Kaikkonen, Markku Järvinen

Part J -GRAFT TENSIONING

53. Graft Tensioning in ACL Reconstruction: Establishing the Minimum Acceptable Tension ? Kazanori Yasuda

54. Tensioning ACL Grafts: Avoiding Over-Tensioning ? Lonnie E. Paulos

Part K -LIGAMENTIZATION AND GRAFT-TUNNEL HEALING

55. Graft Remodeling and Ligamentization after ACL Reconstruction - Scheffler SU, Unterhauser FN, Andreas Weiler

56. Graft Tunnel Healing-Giuseppe Milano, Laura Deriu, Carlo Fabbriciani

Part L ?REVISION ACL RECONSTRUCTION

57. Revision ACL Reconstruction Using Autologous Hamstring Tendons - Andreas Weiler, Michael Wagner

58. Revision ACL Reconstruction? Neil P. Thomas, Hemat G. Pandit

Part M ?ACL FOR SKELETALLY IMMATURE PATIENTS OR PARTIAL TEARS

59. ACL Reconstruction in Skeletally Immature Patients - Allen F. Anderson, Christian N. Anderson

60. ACL Reconstruction of Partial Tears: Reconstructing One Bundle - Fotios Paul Tjoumakaris, Anthony Buoncristiani, James S. Starman, Freddie H. Fu

Part N -TREATMENT OF ASSOCIATED LIGAMENT INJURIES OR CARTILAGE DEFICIENCY

61. ACL combined with MCL, PCL, and/or LCL Injury - K. Donald Shelbourne

62. Treatment of Meniscus Tears with ACL Reconstruction - K. Donald Shelbourne and Tinker Gray

63. ACL Reconstruction Combined with HTO, ACI, Microfracture, Osteochondral and/or Meniscal Allograft Transplantation ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

Part O - REHABILITATION

64. ACL Strain Behavior During Rehabilitation Exercises - Petteri Kousa, James R. Slauterbeck, and Bruce D. Beynnon

65. Principles of ACL Rehabilitation - K. Donald Shelbourne, Tinker Gray

66. The Stability-Conservative ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation Protocol - Chadwick Prodromos

67. Hamstring Strength and Regeneration Following Harvest for ACL Reconstruction - Andrew Riff, Mark Miller

68. Proprioception and ACL Reconstruction- Julian A Feller, Kate E Webster

Part P -STABILITY RESULTS

69. Stability Results After ACL Reconstruction ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

Part Q -COMPLICATIONS

70. Infections in ACL Surgery ? Charalampos G. Zalavras, Michael Patzakis

71. Allograft Complications and Risk Factors ? Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

72. Stiffness: Prevention and Treatment -Anastassios Karistinos, Lonnie E. Paulos, Walter Lowe

73. Osteoporosis after ACL Reconstruction? ? Lars Ejerhed, Jüri Kartus

74. Tunnel Widening after ACL Reconstruction - Chadwick Prodromos, Brian Joyce

75. Numbness: Saphenous Nerve ? Tomoyuki Mochizuki, Keiichi Akita, Takeshi Muneta

76. Hardware complications after ACL reconstruction ? Robert H. Brophy, Robert G. Marx

77. Vascular complications after ACL reconstruction - R.P.A. Janssen

78. Fracture Complications after ACL Reconstruction - Kai Mithoefer, Thomas J. Gill

79. Anterior Knee Problems after ACL Reconstruction-Michael E. Hantes, Apostolos Dimitroulias

Part R ? GAIT ANALYSIS AND TISSUE ENGINEERING

80. Gait Analysis in ACL Deficient and Reconstructed Knee - Nicholas Stergiou, Stavros Ristanis, Constantina Moraiti, Anastasios D. Georgoulis

81. Growth Factors and Other New Methods for Graft Healing Enhancement - Harukazu Tohyama, Kazunori Yasuda