Surgical Management of Spinal Deformities

Surgical Management of Spinal Deformities

By Thomas J. Errico, MD, Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Associate Profesor of Neurosurgery, Chief of Spine Service, New York University Medical Center, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY; Baron S. Lonner, MD, Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Lenox Hill, NY; and Andrew W. Moulton, MD, Committee Chairman, Spine Center Relief Beyond Borders (SCRUBBS), North American Spine Society, Hawthorne, NY


I. GENERAL INTRODUCTION/PRINCIPLES

1. Introduction to Spinal Deformity

2. Practical Spinal Anatomy

3. Radiologic Imaging of Spinal Deformities

4. Spinal Deformity in the Clinical Setting

5. Biomechanics of Spinal Instrumentation

II. PEDIATRIC DEFORMITY

6. Infantile and Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis

7. Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

8. Scheuermann's Kyphosis

9. Congenital Scoliosis

10. Cerebral Palsy and Other Neuromuscular Disorders in Children

11. Operative Treatment of Neuromuscular Spinal Deformity

12. Spinal Surgery in Connective Tissue Disorders

13. Pediatric Infections of the Spine

14. Pediatric Neoplasms of the Spine

15. Neurofibromatosis

16. Spinal Deformity in Skeletal Dysplasia

17. Isthmic and Dysplastic Spondylolisthesis

18. Myelomeningocele Spinal Deformities

19. Trauma/Spinal Cord Injury

III. ADULT DEFORMITY

20. Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis and Degenerative Scoliosis

21. Adult Isthmic and Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

22. Osteoporosis

23. Adult Neoplasia

24. Inflammatory Arthropathies

25. Revision Deformity Surgery

IV. PERIOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS

26. Anesthesia for Spine Surgery and Management of Blood Loss

27. Bone Graft and Fusion Enhancement

28. Complications in Spinal Deformity Surgery

29. Neural Monitoring

30. A Modified Anterior Muscle Sparing Retroperitoneal Approach to the Lumbar Spine: Technique and Outcomes

31. Thoracic Exposures for Spinal Deformity Surgery

V. THE FUTURE OF SPINAL DEFORMITY SURGERY

32. Future Developments in Spinal Deformity Surgery