On Call Pediatrics, On Call Series, 3rd Edition

On Call Pediatrics

3rd Edition On Call Series

By James J. Nocton, MD, FAAP, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Rheumatology, Director, Pediatric Residency Training Program, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin and the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI; Formerly Chief Resident in Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH; and Rainer Gedeit, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care, Associate Director, Pediatric Residency Training Program, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin and the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin


Introduction

1. The Diagnosis and Management of On-Call Problems

2. Communicating With Colleagues

3. Communication With Families

4. Access: A Challenge, Not a Crisis

5. Common Mistakes


Patient-Related Problems

6. Abdominal Pain

7. Altered Mental Status

8. Analgesics and Antipyretics

9. Bleeding

10. Chest Pain

11. Constipation

12. Crying and the Irritable Infant

13. Cyanosis

14. Delivery Room Problems

15. Diarrhea and Dehydration

16. Extremity Pain

17. Eyes and Visual Abnormalities

18. Fever

19. Gastrointestinal Bleeding

20. Headache

21. Heart Rate and Rhythm Abnormalities

22. Hematuria

23. Hypertension

24. Hypotension and Shock

25. Lines, Tubes, and Drains

26. Rashes

27. Respiratory Distress

28. Seizures

29. Urine Output Abnormalities

30. Vomiting


Laboratory-Related Problems

31. Acidosis and Alkalosis

32. Anemia, Thrombocytopenia, and Coagulation Abnormalities

33. Electrolyte Abnormalities

34. Glucose Disorders

35. Hyperbilirubinemia


Appendices

A. Pediatric Procedures

B. Posteroanterior and Lateral Projections of Chest X-Ray

C. The Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve of Normal Blood

D. Calculation of Creatinine Clearance (CrCl)

E. Calculation of Alveolar-Arterial Oxygen Gradient

F. Blood Tubes

G. Assessment of Neonatal Maturity (Ballard Score)

H. Body Surface Nomogram

I. Heart Rate Table

J. Blood Pressure Nomogram

K. Normal Values and SI Units


On Call Formulary

Index