Nelson's Instructions for Pediatric Patients

Nelson's Instructions for Pediatric Patients

By Albert J. Pomeranz, MD, Professor of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Department of Pediatrics, Milwaukee, WI; and Timothy O'Brien, MA, Medical Writer Specializing in the Health Sciences, Chicago, IL


I. Health Maintenance and Preventive Health Issues

1. Child Passenger Safety
2. Childproofing the Home
3. Daycare Guide
4. Discipline?The Basics
5. Fever Management
6. Habits?Thumb Sucking, Nail-Biting, etc.
7. Immunizations
8. Sex Education and Birth Control
9. Sleep Problems and Bedtime Issues
10. Teen Smoking?Risks and How to Quit
11. Toilet Training

II. Allergy

12. Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever)
13. Anaphylaxis (Allergic Shock)
14. Asthma
15. Bee Stings and Other Insect Stings
16. Eczema (Allergic Dermatitis)
17. Food Allergies
18. Hives (Urticaria and Angioedema)

III. Behavior/Psychology

19. Adjustment Disorder
20. Anxiety
21. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
22. Bipolar Disorder
23. Bullying
24. Conduct Disorder
25. Depression
26. Divorce
27. Drugs and Alcohol?Use and Abuse
28. Eating Disorders
29. Nightmares and Night Terrors
30. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
31. Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder
32. Phobias
33. Suicide
34. Temper Tantrums

IV. Blood Diseases

35. Blood Clots (Thrombotic Disorders)
36. Enlarged Lymph Nodes
37. Iron-Deficiency Anemia
38. Sickle Cell Disease and Trait

V. Cancer

39. Hodgkin's Disease
40. Leukemia

VI. Dental

41. Dental Trauma
42. Preventive Antibiotics for Children with Heart Disease
43. Tooth Decay and Dental Care

VII. Development

44. Autism
45. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
46. Learning Disabilities
47. Stuttering

VIII. Ear

48. Earwax Problems
49. Middle Ear Infection (Acute Otitis Media)
50. Otitis Media with Effusion
51. Outer Ear Infection ("Swimmer's Ear")

IX. Emergency

52. Animal and Human Bites
53. Acute Appendicitis
54. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
55. Dehydration
56. Fainting (Syncope)
57. Febrile Seizures (Seizure with Fever)
58. Foreign Bodies (Swallowed Objects)
59. Frostbite
60. Head Trauma
61. Heat-Related Illness
62. Lead Poisoning
63. Nosebleeds
64. Poisoning
65. Seizures without Fever
66. Skin Wounds (Lacerations, Punctures, etc)

X. Endocrine

67. Breast Enlargement in Boys (Adolescent Gynecomastia)
68. Breast Enlargement in Infants (Premature Thelarche)
69. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
70. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
71. Puberty?Normal, Early, and Late Development
72. Short Stature (Below-Normal Height)
73. Thyroid Disorders (Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism)

XI. Eye

74. Blocked Tear Duct
75. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
76. Corneal Abrasions and Other Eye Injuries
77. Glaucoma
78. Stye
79. Strabismus

XII. Gastrointestinal

80. Anal Fissure
81. Celiac Disease (Sprue)
82. Colic
83. Constipation
84. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
85. Hirschsprung Disease
86. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
87. Inguinal Hernia
88. Intestinal Obstruction
89. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
90. Pancreatitis
91. Peptic Ulcer Disease
92. Pyloric Stenosis

XIII. Genetics

93. Down Syndrome
94. Fragile X Syndrome
95. Genetic Counseling
96. Klinefelter Syndrome
97. Marfan Syndrome
98. Turner syndrome

XIV. Genitalia

99. Epididymitis
100. Foreskin Problems
101. Hydrocele
102. Hypospadias
103. Testicular Torsion
104. Undescended testicles
105. Varicocele

XV. Heart

106. Arrhythmias and Palpitations
107. Congenital Heart Disease (Major and Minor)
108. Heart Murmurs (Innocent and Pathological)
109. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
110. Kawasaki Disease
111. Rheumatic Heart Disease and Rheumatic Fever

XVI. Infections

112. Acute Diarrhea (Gastroenteritis)
113. Bacterial Vaginosis
114. Bronchiolitis
115. Cat Scratch Disease
116. Chickenpox (Varicella)
117. Chronic Diarrhea
118. Colds
119. Cold Sores (Herpes Simplex)
120. Croup
121. Fifth Disease
122. Food Poisoning
123. German Measles (Rubella)
124. Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease and Related Infections
125. Hepatitis (Hepatitis A, B, or C Virus)
126. HIV/AIDS
127. Impetigo
128. Influenza
129. Laryngitis
130. Lyme Disease
131. Measles (Rubeola)
132. Meningitis?Viral and Bacterial
133. Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)
134. Mumps
135. Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
136. Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis (Sore Throat, Strep Throat)
137. Pinworm Infection
138. Pneumonia
139. Rabies
140. Scarlet Fever
141. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
142. Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
143. Sinusitis
144. Skin Abscesses
145. Skin Infection (Cellulitis)
146. Tetanus (Lockjaw)
147. Transient Synovitis of the Hip
148. Tuberculosis
149. Vulvovaginitis (Infection of the Vagina)
150. West Nile Virus Infection
151. Yeast Infections (Candida Vaginitis)

XVII. Kidney and Urinary Tract

152. Bed-Wetting (Nocturnal Enuresis)
153. Glomerulonephritis
154. Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome
155. Henoch-Schönlein Purpura
156. Kidney Stones (Urolithiasis)
157. Posterior Urethral Valves
158. Urinary Tract Infections
159. Vesicoureteral Reflux

XVIII. Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic

160. Back Pain
161. Bowlegs and Knock-Knees
162. Flatfeet
163. Fractures
164. Ganglion Cyst
165. Growing Pains
166. Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease166
167. Nursemaid's Elbow (Pulled Elbow)
168. Osgood-Schlatter Disease
169. Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
170. Scoliosis
171. Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
172. Sprains and Strains
173. Tendinitis and Tennis Elbow
174. Torticollis

XIX. Nervous System

175. Bell Palsy
176. Cerebral Palsy
177. Guillain-Barré Syndrome
178. Headaches (Tension and Migraine Types)
179. Hydrocephalus
180. Muscular Dystrophy
181. Tics and Tourette's Syndrome

XX. Newborn

182. Ambiguous Genitalia and Intersex Conditions
183. Apnea of the Newborn (Interrupted Breathing)
184. Baby's First Weeks (Newborn Care)
185. Circumcision
186. Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
187. Clubfoot (Talipes Equinovarus)
188. Collarbone fracture
189. Common Newborn Rashes
190. Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
191. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
192. Diaper Rash
193. Feeding Your Newborn?Breast-Feeding and Bottle Feeding
194. Group B Streptococcal Infection
195. HIV and Your Newborn
196. Infants of Diabetic Mothers
197. Jaundice of the Newborn
198. Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid
199. Myelomeningocele
200. Natal and Neonatal Teeth
201. Newborn Screening
202. Prematurity and Low Birth Weight
203. Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns (Hyaline Membrane Disease)
204. Sacral Dimple (Pilonidal Dimple)
205. Spitting Up (Gastroesophageal Reflux)
206. Swollen Scalp?Caput Succadaneum and Cephalohematoma
207. Thrush
208. Umbilical Cord Care

XXI. Nutrition

209. Healthy Diet
210. High Cholesterol
211. Obesity

XXII. Respiratory

212. Apnea (Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Central Apnea)
213. Aspiration Pneumonia
214. Cystic Fibrosis
215. Laryngomalacia
216. Retropharyngeal Abscess (Peritonsillar Abscess)
217. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
218. Tonsils and Adenoids (Tonsillitis and Adenoiditis)
219. Vocal Cord Nodules (Screamer's Nodes)

XXIII. Skin and Nails (Dermatology)

220. Acne
221. Athlete's Foot
222. Blisters
223. Burns
224. Contact Dermatitis
225. Corns and Calluses
226. Dandruff
227. Head Lice
228. Heat Rash (Miliaria Rubra)
229. Infections of the Nails?Fungal Infections and Paronychia
230. Ingrown Toenails
231. Jock Itch (Tinea Cruris)
232. Pityriasis Rosea
233. Psoriasis
234. Ringworm (Tinea Corporis)
235. Ringworm of the Scalp (Tinea Capitis)
236. Scabies
237. Sunburn
238. Warts?Plantar Warts and Others

XXIV. Social Issues

239. Adoption
240. Child Abuse or Neglect