Minor Ailments in Primary Care, An Evidence-Based Approach

Minor Ailments in Primary Care

An Evidence-Based Approach

By Just A. H. Eekhof, MD, PhD, Department of General Practice, LUMC, Leiden, Netherlands; Arie Knuistingh Neven, MD, PhD, Department of General Practice, LUMC, Leiden, Netherlands; Theo J. M. Verheij, MD, PhD, Department of General Practice, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands; and Keith Hopcroft, MB, BS, FRCGP, Editorial Advisor, Doctor Magazine, Reed Business Information, Sutton, UK


General
1 Partial thickness burns
2 Prickly heat/polymorphic light eruption
3 Acute hives/acute urticuria
4 Insect bites and stings
5 Lice/pediculosis
6 Scabies
7 Dog and cat bites
8 Abrasions
9 Haematomas (in and around muscles)
10 Warts
11 Molluscum contagiosum
12 Boils/furuncles
13 Impetigo and impetiginization
14 Pityriasis versicolor/tinea versicolor
15 Intertrigo
16 Erythrasma
17 Erythema infectiosum/Fifth disease/Slapped cheek syndrome
18 Roseola infantum/Sixth disease/exanthema subitum
19 Chickenpox/varicella
20 Shingles/herpes zoster
21 Pruritus in the elderly
22 Infectious mononucleosis/glandular fever
23 Dry skin/xerodermas/xerosis
24 Excessive sweating/hyperhidrosis
25 Growing pains
26 Hot flushes
27 Orthostatic proteinuria/postural proteinuria
28 Orthostatic hypotension
29 Travel sickness/motion sickness
30 Excessive crying in infants/infantile colic
31 Night terrors and nightmares (in children)
32 Diffuse hair loss, and male pattern (androgenic) alopecia
33 Alopecia areata and other forms of patchy hair loss
34 Dandruff
35 Seborrheic eczema of the scalp/cradle cap
36 Earlobe inflammation
37 Ear wax blockage /cerumen impaction
38 Foreign body in the ear
39 Ear pain during air travel
40 Foreign body in the nose
41 Nosebleed/epistaxis
42 Colds in young children/coryza
43 Foreign body in the eye
44 Conjunctivitis
45 Blepharitis
46 Chalazion/meibomian cyst
47 Stye/hordeolum
48 Blocked tear duct in children
49 Floaters
50 Arc eye/Welder?s flash/snow blindness/photokeratitis
51 Pterygium
52 Subconjunctival haemorrhage
53 Dry eye syndrome/xerophthalmia
54 Epiphora/watering eyes
55 Angular cheilitis/angular stomatitis
56 Cold sores/herpes labialis
57 Dry mouth/xerostomia
58 Perioral dermatitis
59 Burning tongue/ glossodynia/burning mouth
60 Aphthous ulcers
61 Oral thrush in infants and adults
62 Gingivitis
63 Lost tooth
64 Bad breath/halitosis
65 Viral croup
66 Hoarseness/dysphonia
67 Snoring
68 Salmon patch/stork mark
69 Chloasma/melasma
70 Rosacea
71 Head tremor in the elderly/titubation
72 Belching/eructation
73 Swallowed coin
74 Tietze?s syndome
75 Cracked nipples
76 Mastopathy/painful breasts
77 Enlarged breasts in men/gynaecomastia
78 Umbilical problems in infants
79 Nappy rash
80 Vaginal blood loss in infants
81 Tightening of the foreskin/phimosis
82 Inflammation of the glans penis/balanitis
83 Blood in semen/haemospermia
84 Constipation in children
85 Constipation in the elderly
86 Piles/haemorrhoids
87 Anal fissures
88 Pruritus ani
89 Threadworms
90 Proctalgia fugax
91 Wind/flatulence
92 Pulled elbow
93 Student?s elbow/olecranon bursitis
94 Carpal tunnel syndrome
95 Ring stuck on finger
96 Mallet finger
97 Fish hook in finger
98 Splinter under finger or toenail
99 Nail biting
100 Subungual haematoma
101 Brittle nails/fragilitas unguium
102 Paronychia/whitlow
103 Fungal infection of the nail
104 Leg length discrepancy in children
105 Restless legs syndrome
106 Meralgia paraesthetica
107 Knock knees and bow legs/genu valgum and genu varum
108 Calf strain/?Tennis leg?
109 Trochanteric bursitis
110 Chondromalacia patellae
111 Flat feet/pes planus
112 Calluses on the feet
113 Plantar fasciitis/policeman?s heel
114 Chilblains/perniosis
115 Ingrowing nail
116 Corns
117 Athlete?s foot
118 Foot blisters
119 Plantar warts/verrucas and plantar mosaic warts