Nutrition and the Eye, A Practical Approach

Nutrition and the Eye

A Practical Approach

Edited by Frank Eperjesi, BSc (Hons), PhD, MCOptom Dip Orth, FAAO, MHEA, PGCertHE, Director of Optometry Programme, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Aston University, Birmingham, UK; and Stephen Beatty, MB (Hons) MMSc, EBOD, FRCOphth, MD, Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon, Department of Ophthalmology, Waterford Regional Hospital, Republic of Ireland; Waterford Specialist Centre, Waterford, Republic of Ireland


Section 1 Introduction to nutrition for vision scientists
1.1 Introduction and definitions Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.2 Optimal nutrition Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.3 Food groups and types Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.4 A healthy diet ? how much to eat? Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.5 Digestion, absorption and transport of foods Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.6 Bioavailability of foods Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
1.7 Measures of nutritional status Geraldine J Cuskelly and Ian S Young
References
Section 2 Nutrients and nutrient derivatives relevant to ocular health
2.1 Proteins Orla O?Donovan
2.2 Lipids Orla O?Donovan
2.3 Carbohydrates Orla O?Donovan
2.4 Vitamins John Nolan and Kumari Neelam
2.5 Minerals and trace elements John Nolan
2.6 Carotenoids John Nolan
2.7 Oxidative stress and the eye John Nolan and Stephen Beatty
Section 3 Nutrition and ocular senescence
3.1 Vitamin A deficiency Hannah Bartlett
3.2 Vitamin C deficiency and ocular disease Hannah Bartlett
3.3 Vitamin E deficiency Hannah Bartlett
3.4 Retinitis pigmentosa Hannah Bartlett
References
Section 4 Nutrition and ocular senescence
4.1 Nutrition and malnutrition in the elderly Jayne V Woodside and Ian S Young
4.2 The ageing eye Ruth Hogg
4.3 Dry eye disorders Frank Eperjesi
4.4 Glaucoma Frank Eperjesi
4.5 Cataract Frank Eperjesi
4.6 Age-related macular degeneration Rasha Al Taie, John Nolan and Kumari Neelam
Section 5 Recent advances in research into nutrition-related eye health
5.1 Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) Ruth Hogg and Usha Chakravarthy
5.2 Carotenoids In Age-Related Eye Disease Study (CAREDS) Ruth Hogg and Usha Chakravarthy
5.3 Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial (LAST) Frank Eperjesi
5.4 The Aston Randomized Controlled Trial (Aston RCT) Hannah Bartlett
5.5 Celtic Age-Related Maculopathy Arrestation (CARMA) Study Stephen Beatty and Usha Chakravarthy
Section 6 Contraindications, adverse reactions and ocular nutritional supplements
6.1 Contraindications, adverse reactions and ocular nutritional supplements Hannah Bartlett and Frank Eperjesi
Section 7 Conclusions
7.1 Conclusions Frank Eperjesi and Stephen Beatty