Complementary Therapies for Pain Management, An Evidence-Based Approach

Complementary Therapies for Pain Management

An Evidence-Based Approach

By Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, FRCP, FRCPED, Professor of Complementary Medicine, Peninsula Medical School, Universities of Exeter and Plymouth, Exeter, UK


Foreword
Preface
Contributors
Acknowledgments
Glossary and abbreviations
Patients? language of pain

Section 1 Using the book

? The book at a glance
? Methods
? How to use this book
? Bibliography of main reference sources

Section 2 General topics

? Complementary and alternative medicine ? an overview
? Epidemiology of pain
? Pain measurement
? Current medical concepts of pain
? Psychological concepts of pain
? Alternative concepts of pain
? Anthroposophical concepts of pain
? Ayurvedic concepts of pain
? Concepts of pain in healing
? Homeopathic concepts of pain
? Naturopathic concepts of pain
? Osteopathic concepts of pain
? Concepts of pain in traditional Chinese medicine

Section 3 Therapies

? Acupuncture
? Alexander technique
? Aromatherapy
? Autogenic training
? Ayurveda
? Biofeedback
? Chiropractic
? Craniosacral therapy
? Feldenkrais
? Herbalism
? Homeopathy
? Hydro-/ Balneotherapy
? Hypnotherapy
? Imagery
? Kinesiology
? Massage
? Meditation
? Music therapy
? Naturopathy
? Neural therapy
? Osteopathy
? Qigong
? Reflexology
? Relaxation therapy
? Shiatsu
? Spiritual healing
? Static magnets
? Tai chi
? Yoga
? Table 3.3 Other complementary therapies which have been tested for effectiveness or are used frequently

Section 4 Medicines

? Arnica (Arnica montana)
? Avocado soybean unsaponifiable
? Cannabis (Cannabis sativa)
? Cat?s claw (Uncaria tomentosa)
? Chilli (Capsicum spp)
? Chondroitin
? Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)
? Devil?s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)
? Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)
? Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
? Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
? Glucosamine
? Green lipped mussel
? Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
? Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata)
? Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
? Leeches
? Nettle (Urtica dioica)
? Peppermint (Mentha x piperita)
? Red clover (Trifolium pratense)
? SAMe
? Shark cartilage
? Willow (Salix spp)
? Table 4.1 Other complementary medicines which have been tested for effectiveness or are used frequently

Section 5 Pain syndromes

? Abdominal pain
? Angina pectoris
? Back pain
? Burn pain
? Cancer pain
? Carpal tunnel syndrome
? Complex regional pain syndrome
? Dental pain
? Depression
? Dysmenorrhoea
? Fibromyalgia
? Headache
? Labour pain
? Mastalgia
? Migraine
? Minor trauma
? Myofascial pain
? Neck pain
? Neuropathic/neuralgic pain
? Osteoarthritis
? Otitis media
? Perioperative pain
? Peripheral arterial occlusive disease
? Procedural pain
? Raynaud?s disease
? Rheumatoid arthritis
? Shoulder pain
? Tennis elbow
? Table 5.33 Examples of other occasionally used treatments for specific conditions lacking sound evidence of effectiveness

Section 6 Useful resources for pain management

Postscript