Rapid Interpretation of Heart and Lung Sounds, A Guide to Cardiac and Respiratory Auscultation in Dogs and Cats, 2nd Edition

Rapid Interpretation of Heart and Lung Sounds

2nd Edition A Guide to Cardiac and Respiratory Auscultation in Dogs and Cats

By Francis W. K. Smith, Jr., DVM, DACVIM(Internal Medicine & Cardiology), Vice President, VetMed Consultants, Inc., Lexington, MA; Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA; Bruce W. Keene, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, Department of Companion Animal and Special Species Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC and Larry P. Tilley, DVM, DACVIM(Internal Medicine), President, VetMed Consultants, Inc., Consultant, New Mexico Veterinary Specialty Referral Center, Santa Fe, NM


Suggestions for Program Use

Heart Sounds

* Objectives (Section 1)

* Pretest 1

* Table of Abbreviations

* Some Properties of Sound




-Quality or Shape

-Perception of Sound

* Cardiovascular Sound

* The Stethoscope

* Keys to Successful Auscultation

* Principal Areas of Cardiac Auscultation

* Hemodynamics of the Cardiac Cycle

-Ventricular Systole

-Ventricular Diastole

* The First Heart Sound (S1)

* The Second Heart Sound (S2)

* The Third Heart Sound (S3)

* The Fourth Heart Sound (S4)

* Quadruple Rhythm and Summation Sound or Gallop

* Ejection Sounds or Clicks

* Mid-Systolic Sounds or Clicks

* Answers to Pretest 1

* Post-Test 1

* Answers to Post-Test 1

Chapter 2


* Objectives (Section 2)

* Pretest 2

* Evaluation of Heart Murmurs

* Systolic Murmurs

-Systolic Ejection Murmurs

-Holosystolic or Regurgitant Murmurs

-Causes of Holosystolic Murmurs

-Mitral Regurgitation

* Diastolic Murmurs

* Continuous Murmurs

* Summary

* Answers to Pretest 2

* Post-Test 2

* Answers to Post-Test 2

Chapter 3


* Objectives

* Pretest 3

* Auscultation of Selected Arrhythmias

* Answers to Pretest 3

* Post-Test 3

* Answers to Post-Test 3

Chapter 4

Lung Sounds

* Objectives

* Pretest 4

* Normal Lung Sounds

* Abnormal Lung Sounds

* Loudness of Lung Sounds

* Percussion

* Answers to Pretest 4

* Post-Test 4

* Answers to Post-Test 4