Rapid Interpretation of Heart and Lung Sounds, A Guide to Cardiac and Respiratory Auscultation in Dogs and Cats, 2nd Edition

Rapid Interpretation of Heart and Lung Sounds

2nd Edition A Guide to Cardiac and Respiratory Auscultation in Dogs and Cats

By Francis W.K. Smith, Jr., DVM, DACVIM, Veterinary Telemedicine Group Inc., Lexington, MA; Bruce W. Keene, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, Department of Companion Animal and Special Species Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC; and Larry P. Tilley, DVM, DACVIM, Santa Fe, NM


Introduction

Suggestions for Program Use

Heart Sounds

* Objectives (Section 1)

* Pretest 1

* Table of Abbreviations

* Some Properties of Sound

-Intensity

-Frequency

-Duration

-Quality or Shape

-Perception of Sound

* Cardiovascular Sound

* The Stethoscope

* Keys to Successful Auscultation

* Principal Areas of Cardiac Auscultation

* Hemodynamics of the Cardiac Cycle

-Ventricular Systole

-Ventricular Diastole

* The First Heart Sound (S1)

* The Second Heart Sound (S2)

* The Third Heart Sound (S3)

* The Fourth Heart Sound (S4)

* Quadruple Rhythm and Summation Sound or Gallop

* Ejection Sounds or Clicks

* Mid-Systolic Sounds or Clicks

* Answers to Pretest 1

* Post-Test 1

* Answers to Post-Test 1

Chapter 2

Murmurs

* Objectives (Section 2)

* Pretest 2

* Evaluation of Heart Murmurs

* Systolic Murmurs

-Systolic Ejection Murmurs

-Holosystolic or Regurgitant Murmurs

-Causes of Holosystolic Murmurs

-Mitral Regurgitation

* Diastolic Murmurs

* Continuous Murmurs

* Summary

* Answers to Pretest 2

* Post-Test 2

* Answers to Post-Test 2

Chapter 3

Arrhythmias

* Objectives

* Pretest 3

* Auscultation of Selected Arrhythmias

* Answers to Pretest 3

* Post-Test 3

* Answers to Post-Test 3

Chapter 4

Lung Sounds

* Objectives

* Pretest 4

* Normal Lung Sounds

* Abnormal Lung Sounds

* Loudness of Lung Sounds

* Percussion

* Answers to Pretest 4

* Post-Test 4

* Answers to Post-Test 4