Anatomy and Human Movement, Structure and function, 6th Edition

Anatomy and Human Movement

6th Edition Structure and function

By Nigel Palastanga, MA, BA, FCSP, DMS, DipTP, Pro Vice Chancellor, University of Wales; formerly Director of Physiotherapy Education, Cardiff University, UK and Roger W. Soames, BSc(Human Biology), PhD(Human Sciences), Cox Professor of Anatomy, Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK


1. INTRODUCTION

Terminology

Terms used in describing movement

Nervous system

Introduction
Cellular structure
Interneural connections
Myelination
Structure of a peripheral nerve
The peripheral nervous system

Components of the musculoskeletal system

Connective tissue
Skeletal tissue
Muscular tissue
Joints
Spin, roll and slide
Levers

Skin and its appendages

Introduction
Structure
Appendages of the skin
Glands
Blood supply and lymphatic drainage of the skin
Nerves of the skin
Application

Early embryology

Stages in development

2. THE UPPER LIMB

Introduction

Development of the musculoskeletal system

Mesodermal somites
Development of the l.imbs

Bones

The scapula
The clavicle
The humerus
The radiius
The ulna

The carpus
The metacarpus
The phalanges

Muscles

Movements of the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles retracting the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles protracting the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles elevating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles laterally rotating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles medially rotating the pectoral (shoulder) girdle
Muscles stabilizing the clavicle
Movements of the shoulder joint
Muscles abducting the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles flexing the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles extending the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles adducting the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles medially rotating the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles laterally rotating the arm at the shoulder joint
Muscles flexing the elbow joint
Muscles extending the elbow joint
Muscles supinating the forearm
Muscles pronating the forearm
Muscles flexing the wrist
Muscles extending the wrist
Muscles flexing the fingers
Muscles flexing the thumb
Muscles extending the fingers
Muscles extending the thumb
Muscles abducting/adducting/opposing the thumb
Muscles abducting/adducting/opposing the fingers
Fasciae of the upper limb
Simple activities of the upper limb

Joints

The pectoral girdle
The sternoclavicular joint
The acromioclavicular joint
The shoulder joint
The elbow joint
Radioulnar articulations
The superior radioulnar joint
The inferior radioulnar joint
The wrist
The radiocarpal joint
The intercarpal joints
The midcarpal joint
Articulations within the hand
The metacarpophalangeal joint
The intermetacarpal joints
The interphalangeal joint
Joints of the thumb
The interphalangeal joints

Nerve supply

The brachial plexus
Dermatomes of the upper limb

Blood supply

The arteries and pulses
The veins

Lymphatics

Superficial nodes and lymph vessels
Deep nodes and lymph vessels
Application

3. THE LOWER LIMB

Introduction

Development of the musculoskeletal system

Mesodermal somites
Development of the limbs

Bones

Pelvic girdle
The innominate (hip) bone
The sacrum
The coccyx
The femur
The patella
The tibia
The fibula
The bony structure of the foot
The tarsal bones
The metatarsals
The phalanges

Muscles

Muscles around the hip joint
Muscles extending the hip joint
Muscles abducting the hip joint
Muscles adducting the hip joint
Muscles flexing the hip joint
Muscles medially rotating the hip joint
Muscles laterally rotating the hip joint
Muscles producing movement of the knee joint
Muscles flexing the knee joint
Muscles extending the knee joint
Muscles laterally rotating the tibia at the knee joint
Muscles medially rotating the tibia at the knee joint
Muscles plantarflexing the ankle joint
Muscles dorsiflexing the ankle joint
Muscles inverting the foot
Muscles everting the foot
Muscles extending the toes
Muscles flexing the toes
Abduction and adduction of the toes
Muscles abducting the toes
Muscles adducting the toes
Fasciae of the lower limb
Simple activities of the lower limb

Joints

Joints of the pelvis
The sacroiliac joint
The symphysis pubis
The lumbosacral joint
The sacrococcygeal joint
The hip joint
The knee joint
Tibiofibular articulations
The ankle joint
Joints of the foot

Nerve supply

Introduction
The lumbar plexus
The lumbosacral plexus

The sacral plexus

Dermatomes of the lower limb

Blood supply

The arteries
The veins

Lymphatics

Superficial drainage
Deep drainage

4. THE TRUNK AND NECK

Introduction

Embryological development of the vertebrae
The vertebral column

Bones

Lumbar vertebrae
Thoracic vertebrae
Cervical vertebrae
The vertebral column
The thoracic cage
The ribs
The sternum

Muscles

Muscles producing movements of the trunk and thorax
Muscles flexing the trunk
Muscles extending the trunk
Muscles rotating the trunk
Muscles laterally flexing the trunk
Muscles raising intra-abdominal pressure
The inguinal canal
Muscles of the pelvic floor
Muscles producing inspiration
Muscles producing expiration
Fasciae of the trunk
Simple activities of the trunk
Muscles of the neck
Muscles flexing the neck
Muscles flexing the head and neck
Muscles flexing the head on the neck
Muscles laterally flexing the neck
Muscles laterally flexing the head and neck
Muscles laterally flexing the head on the neck
Muscles extending the neck
Muscles extending the head and neck
Muscles extending the head on the neck
Muscles rotating the neck
Muscles rotating the head and neck
Muscles rotating the head on the neck

Joints

Articulations of the vertebral column
Joints between vertebral bodies
The uncovertebral joints
Joints between vertebral arches
The zygapophyseal joints
The atlantoaxial articulations
The atlanto-occipital joint
Joints of the thorax
Articulations of the ribs and their costal cartilages

Nerve supply

The cervical plexus
The spinal cord
The autonomic nervous system

The cardiovascular system

Introduction
Development
The heart
The great vessels

The respiratory system

Introduction
Development
Upper respiratory tract
The lungs and pleura

The digestive system

Introduction
Development
Oral cavity
Pharynx and oesophagus
Abdomen and pelvis
Abdominal regions
Chewing and swallowing

The urogenital system

Introduction
Development of the urinary system
The urinary system
Development of genital system
Female reproductive system

The endocrine system

Glands

5. HEAD AND BRAIN

Bones

Introduction
The skull
The mandible
The hyoid bone

Muscles

Muscles which change the shape of the face
Movements of the eyebrows
Muscles around the eye
Muscles around the nose
Muscles around the mouth
Muscles moving the mandible
Muscles elevating the mandible
Muscles retracting the mandible
Muscles protracting the mandible
Muscles depressing the mandible
Muscles depressing the hyoid bone
Muscles elevating the hyoid bone
Mastication and swallowing (deglutition)

Joints

The temporomandibular joint

The ear, eye and brain

The ear
The eye
The brain 

INDEX