Pocketbook of Oral Disease

Pocketbook of Oral Disease

By Crispian Scully, CBE MD PhD MDS MRCS BSc FDSRCS FDSRCPS FFDRCSI FDSRCSE FRCPath FMedSci FHEA FUCL DSc DChD DMed[HC] DrHC , Emeritus Professor, University College London, London, UK; Honorary Consultant University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, HCA International Hospitals and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK ; Jose V Bagan, MD, DDS, PhD, Profesor of Oral Medicine, University General Hospital of Valencia, Valencia, Spain ; Marco Carrozzo, MD DDS, Professor and Chair of Oral Medicine, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK ; Catherine M Flaitz, DDS MS , Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Pediatric Dentistry, The University of Texas Dental Branch at Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA and Sergio Gandolfo, MD, DDS, Professor and Head of the Department of Dentistry, S. Luigi University Hospital, Orbassano, Turin; Dean of the Postgraduate School in Oral Surgery and Master in Oral Medicine and Special Needs Care, University of Torino, Italy

1 Introduction, anatomical features and developmental anomalies

2 Differential diagnosis by signs and symptoms


Burning mouth

Desquamative gingivitis

Dry mouth (xerostomia)

Halitosis (oral malodour)

Mucosal blisters

Mucosal brown and black lesions

Mucosal erosions

Mucosal fissures or cracks

Mucosal purpura

Mucosal red lesions

Mucosal ulceration or soreness

Mucosal white lesions

Palsy (orofacial)

Pain (orofacial)

Sensory changes (orofacial)

Sialorrhoea and drooling

Swellings in the lips or face

Swellings in the mouth

Swellings in the neck

Swellings of the jaws

Swelling of the salivary glands

Taste disturbance

Tongue: furred

Tongue: smooth (glossitis)

Tongue swelling

Tooth abrasion

Tooth attrition

Tooth discolouration

Tooth erosion

Tooth hypoplasia

Tooth mobility or premature loss

Tooth number anomalies

Tooth shape anomalies


3 Differential diagnosis by site

Cervical node disorders

Salivary gland disorders

Lip lesions

Intraoral lesions

Tongue lesions

Palatal lesions

Gingival lesions

Jaw and musculoskeletal conditions

Neurological and pain disorders

Teeth specific disorders

4 Iatrogenic conditions

5 Immune defects and malignancies

6 Diagnosis

7 Investigations

8 Management protocols for patients with oral diseases in primary care settings

9 Referral for specialist opinion

10 Further information

Eponymous syndromes


Further reading