The Biomechanics of Back Pain, 3rd Edition

The Biomechanics of Back Pain

3rd Edition

By Michael A. Adams, BSc PhD, Professor of Biomechanics, Centre for Comparative and Clinical Anatomy, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; Nikolai Bogduk, BSc(Med) MB BS MD PhD DSc DipAnat DipPainMed FAFRM FAFMM FFPM(ANZCA), Professor of Pain Medicine, University of Newcastle and Head, Department of Clinical Research, Royal Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia; Kim Burton, OBE DO PhD Hon FFOM, Director, Spinal Research Unit, Centre for Health and Social Care Research, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK and Patricia Dolan, BSc PhD, Reader in Spine Biomechanics, Centre for Comparative and Clinical Anatomy, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK


1. Introduction

2. The vertebral column and adjacent structures

3. Muscles and fascia of the lumbar spine

4. Nerves and blood supply to the lumbar spine

5. Back pain

6. Epidemiology of back trouble

7. Biology of spinal tissues

8. Growth and ageing of the spine

9. Forces acting on the thoracolumbar spine

10. Mechanical function of the thoracolumbar spine

11. Mechanical damage to the thoracolumbar spine

12. Cervical spine biomechanics

13. Posture, creep and "functional pathology"

14. Sensorimotor control

15. Spinal degeneration

16. Preventing back pain

17. Conservative management of back pain

18. Biomechanics rationale for spinal surgery

19. Surgery for disc prolapse, spinal stenosis and back pain

20. Medico-legal considerations

21. Summary and Conclusions