Fundoscopy Made Easy

Fundoscopy Made Easy

By Sujoy Ghosh, MD (General Medicine) DM(Endocrinology) MRCP(UK) MRCPS(Glasgow) , Assistant Professor of Endocrinology Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Calcutta, India ; Andrew Collier, BSc MD FRCP(Glasgow & Edinburgh) , Honorary Senior Lecturer and Consultant Physician, The Ayr Hospital, Ayr, Scotland, UK ; Mohan Varikkara, MS, FRCS (Edin), Consultant Ophthalmologist, Ophthalmology Department, Ayr Hospital, Ayr and Stephen J. Palmer, MIMI, RMIP, Head of Department, Medical Photography & Audiovisual Services, Crosshouse Hospital, Kilmarnock

The basics: direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy

Specialised imaging techniques

The normal fundus and its variants

Diabetic retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy


Optic atrophy


Retinal vascular occlusions

Fundal haemorrhages

Age-related macular degeneration

Lipaemia retinalis

Angioid streaks

Retinitis pigmentosa

Choroidal naevus


Ocular inflammation

Roth spot

Retinal detachment