Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition, Health, Welfare and Performance

Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition

Health, Welfare and Performance

By Raymond J. Geor, BVSc, MVSc, PhD Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Large Animal) Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Nutrition (Honorary) Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Diplomate, American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Professor and Paul Mellon Distinguished Chair, Director of Research, MARE Center, Virginia Tech, Middleburg, VA, USA; Manfred Coenen, DrMed Vet, PhD, Diplomate, European College Veterinary Clinical Nutrition, Professor and Pat Harris, MA, PhD, Vet MB, MRCVS, Diplomate, European College of Veterinary Clinical and Nutrition, Director of Science MARS Horsecare and Head of Equine Studies group WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition


SECTION 1: CORE NUTRITION

Digestive physiology

Metabolic physiology

Feeding behaviour

Research techniques in equine nutrition

Energy

Amino acids and protein

Fats and fatty acids

Carbohydrates

Vitamins

Minerals

Water

SECTION 2: APPLIED NUTRITION AND FEEDING MANAGEMENT

A. General considerations

Feedstuffs for horses

Pastures and pasture management

Supplements and nutraceuticals (including ergogenics)

Ration evaluation and formulation (with discussion on feed manufacturing practices)

International feeding practices

B. Feeding through the lifestages

Broodmare and stallion

Growing animals

Mature horses

Old horses

Athletic horses (possibly several chapters under this heading - a basic core chapter, then a group of small chapters that deals with different disciplines e.g. racehorses, endurance, 3-day event)

C. Special considerations

Ponies, donkeys, miniature horses

Wild equids

Orphan foals

.

SECTION 3: CLINICAL NUTRITION

Clinical assessment of nutritional status

Muscle disorders

Laminitis

Obesity

Thin and starved horses

Endocrine diseases (equine metabolic syndrome; equine Cushing?s disease)

Developmental orthopaedic disease

Osteoarthritis

Gastrointestinal diseases (gastric ulcers, colic, diarrhea)

Allergic and inflammatory airway diseases

Renal and hepatic

Skin diseases/atopy

Central nervous system diseases (e.g. equine motor neuron disease; grass sickness)

Behavioural abnormalities (stereotypies)  

Assisted enteral and parenteral feeding

Feed-related toxicities

 

APPENDICES

Nutrient requirements

Nutrient composition of feeds

Reference ranges for blood metabolites, minerals and vitamins

Milk composition