Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, 2nd Edition

Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy

2nd Edition

By Michael Heinrich, Dr rer nat habil MA(WSU) Dipl. Biol. FLS, Professor and Head of Centre for Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, University of London, UK ; Joanne Barnes, BPharm PhD MRPharmS FLS, Associate Professor in Herbal Medicines, School of Pharmacy, University of Auckland, New Zealand ; Simon Gibbons, BSc MRSC CChem PhD FLS, Lecturer in Pharmacognosy, Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, School of Pharmacy, University of London, UK and Elizabeth M. Williamson, BSc(Pharm) PhD MRPharmS FLS, Professor of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, UK; Editor-in-chief of Phytotherapy Research; Member of the Herbal Drugs Committees for The British Pharmacopoeia and The European Pharmacopoeia


Foreword by A. Douglas Kinghorn

Preface

PART A FUNDAMENTALS OF PHARMACOGNOSY

SECTION 1 Phytotherapy and pharmacognosy

1. Importance of plants in modern pharmacy and medicine

2. Pharmacognosy and its history: people, plants and natural products

SECTION 2 Basic plant biology

3. General principles of botany: morphology and systematics

4. Families yielding important phytopharmaceuticals

5. Ethnobotany and ethnopharmacy

SECTION 3 Natural product chemistry

6. Natural product chemistry

7. Methods in natural product chemistry

8. Anticancer natural products

SECTION 4 Plant extract derived pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals

9. Production, standardization and quality control

10. Toxicity of herbal constituents

11. What makes phytomedicines unique?

SECTION 5 Medicinal plants in selected healthcare systems

12. Traditional systems of herbal medicine

13. Complementary/alternative medicine

PART B IMPORTANT NATURAL PRODUCTS AND PHYTOMEDICINES USED IN PHARMACY AND MEDICINE

14. The gastrointestinal and biliary system

15. The cardiovascular system

16. The respiratory system

17. The central nervous system

18. Infectious diseases

19. The endocrine system

20. The reproductive and urinary tracts

21. The musculoskeletal system

22. The skin

23. The eye

24. Ear, nose and orthopharynx

25. Miscellaneous supportive and protective therapies for stress, ageing, cancer and debility

Epilogue - a personal view by J. David Phillipson

Index