Special Tests in Musculoskeletal Examination, An evidence-based guide for clinicians

Special Tests in Musculoskeletal Examination

An evidence-based guide for clinicians

By Paul Hattam, MSc MCSP FSOM, Director and Principal Physiotherapist, The Physios, Sheffield, UK and Alison Smeatham, MSc MCSP FSOM, Extended Scope Practitioner, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter


1 Introduction

2 Shoulder

3 Elbow

4 Wrist & hand

5 Hip

6 Knee

7 Ankle & foot