Section 1 Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Visual System. Morphology and physiology of the retina. Anatomy and physiology of the visual pathways and cortex. Visual attention and visual awareness.
Section 2 Methodologies and techniques. Electroretinography. The multifocal electroretinogram. Visual evoked potentials. Oscillatory responses and gamma band activity. Visual evoked magneto potentials, visual evoked magnetic fields and magnetic stimulations of the visual cortex. Psychophysical techniques. Visual cognitive ERPs. Assessment of vision in infants and young children. Role of clinical neurophysiology in assessing both normal and pathological processing of visual information.
Section 3 Disorders of peripheral visual processing. Color vision deficiencies. Genetically determined disorders of retinal function. Acquired retinopathies. Experimental genetic disorders and visual neurophysiology.
Section 4 Disorders of central visual processing. Central disorders of visual processing - a pragmatic classification. Positive spontaneous visual phenomena. Optic neuropathies and disorders of optic chiasma. Visual field defects of central origin. Visual apperception and agnosia. Cortical blindness and visual anosognosia. Blindsight - hypotheses and clinical implications. Achromatopsia and chromatic blindsight. Visual disfunction in disorders with altered dopaminergic neurotransmission. Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating disorders. Dementia and alzheimer's disease. Epilepsy and visual phenomena.
Section 5 Future advances. Future advances and applications.