Red Flags, A Guide to Identifying Serious Pathology of the Spine

Red Flags

A Guide to Identifying Serious Pathology of the Spine

By Sue Greenhalgh, MA, GD Phys, FCSP, Consultant Physiotherapist and James Selfe, PhD, MA, GD Phys, FCSP, Professor of Physiotherapy, Allied Health Professions Unit, University of Central Lancashire


1. Red Flags
2. Clinical Reasoning
3. Subjective Examination: Age, Previous Medical History and Lifestyle Questions
4. Subjective Examination: Questions about the Current Episode and Pain
5. Objective Examination
6. Conclusion