Red Flags, A Guide to Identifying Serious Pathology of the Spine

Red Flags

A Guide to Identifying Serious Pathology of the Spine

By Sue Greenhalgh, MA, GD Phys, MCSP, Consultant Physiotherapist; and James Selfe, PhD, MA, GD Phys, MCSP, Reader in Physiotherapy


1. Red Flags
2. Clinical Reasoning
3. Subjective Examination: Age, Previous Medical History and Lifestyle Questions
4. Subjective Examination: Questions about the Current Episode and Pain
5. Objective Examination
6. Conclusion