Introduction: the population explosion, sexual and contraceptive history-taking and counselling - the importance of fertility control. Aspects of human fertility and fertility awareness: natural birth control. Male methods of contraception. Vaginal methods of contraception. The combined oral contraceptive - selection and eligibility. The combined oral contraceptive - follow-up arrangements and new routes of administration. The progestogen-only pill. Injectables and implants. Intrauterine devices and systems. Emergency (postcoital) contraception. Contraception for the young, the not quite so young - and in future. Further reading. Websites. Appendices.