Airway care with simple devices. Peak expiratory flow rate measurement and spirometry. Pleural aspiration (of fluid or air). Chest drain insertion and management. Percutaneous pleural biopsy. Venepuncture (peripheral and femoral). Blood cultures. Peripheral venous cannulation. Preparing and setting up intravenous medications. Intravenous fluids and commonly prescribed infusions. Central venous catheter insertion. Arterial blood gas sampling. Arterial cannulation. Performing an electrocardiogram (ECG). Nasogastric tube placement. Abdominal paracentesis and ascitic drain insertion. Rigid sigmoidoscopy. Urethral catheterisation. Lumbar puncture. Arthrocentesis of the knee. Subcutaneous and intramuscular injections. Local anaesthetics. Suturing.