Anesthesiology Review, 3rd Edition

Anesthesiology Review

3rd Edition

Edited by: Ronald J. Faust, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN; Associate Editors: Roy F. Cucchiara, MD, Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, Denise J. Wedel, MD, Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, Steven H. Rose, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, C. Thomas Wass, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN; and Thomas N. Spackman, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN

1 Pulmonary Function Test Interpretation
2 Factors Affecting Pulmonary Compliance and Airway Resistance
3 Effect of Surfactant on Lung Mechanics
4 Factors Affecting Pulmonary Ventilation and Perfusion
5 Clinical Implications of the Alveolar Gas Equation
6 Measurement and Implications of Qs/Qt
7 Oxygen Transport
8 Carbon Dioxide Dissociation Curve
9 Interpretation of Arterial Blood Gases
10 Blood Gas Temperature Correction
11 Central Regulation of Ventilation
12 Physiologic Effects of Hyper-and Hypocarbia
13 Sodium
14 Potassium
15 Calcium
16 Electrolyte Abnormalities: Magnesium
17 Cardiac Cycle: Control and Synchronicity
18 Physiologic Determinants of Cardiac Output
19 Myocardial Oxygen Supply and Demand
20 Monitoring Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation
21 Pulmonary Hypertension
22 Bradyarrhythmias
23 Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmias
24 Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias
25 Factors Affecting Cerebral Blood Flow and Its Autoregulation
26 Anesthetic Agents and the Electroencephalogram
27 Somatosensory Evoked Potential Monitoring
28 Physiology of Neuromuscular Transmission
29 Endocrine Factors Affecting Neuromuscular Block
30 The Sympathetic Nervous System: Anatomy and Receptor Pharmacology
31 The Parasympathetic Nervous System: Anatomy and Receptor Pharmacology
32 Mechanisms of Hepatic Drug Metabolism and Excretion
33 Hepatic Physiology and Preoperative Evaluation
34 Renal Physiology
35 Renal Function Tests
36 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Restrictive Lung Disease
37 Preparation for Anesthesia: Tobacco and Caffeine Withdrawal
38 Thermoregulation and Perioperative Hypothermia
39 Molecular and Celluar Mechanisms of Anesthesia
40 Cardiovascular Effects of the Inhalation Agents
41 Central Nervous System Effects of the Inhalation Agents
42 Renal Effects of the Inhalation Agents
43 Hepatic Effects of the Inhalation Agents
44 Nitrous Oxide
45 Factors Affecting Anesthetic Gas Uptake
46 Minimum Alveolar Concentration
47 Effect of Cardiac Shunts on Inhalation Induction
48 Concentration Effect and Second Gas Effect
49 Thiopental
50 Propofol
51 Ketamine
52 Opioid Pharmacology
53 Cardiovascular Effects of Narcotics
54 Perioperative Narcotic Problems: Muscle Rigidity and Biliary Colic
55 Nonsteroidal Anti- Inflammatory Drugs
56 Succinylcholine Side Effects
57 Prolongation of Succinylcholine Effect
58 Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants
59 NonRelaxant Side Effects of Nondepolarizing Muscle Relaxants
60 Neostigmine, Pyridostigmine and Edrophonium
61 Atropine, Scopolamine, and Glycopyrrolate Pharmacology
62 Sodium Bicarbonate
63 Vasopressors and Inotropes
64 Nitroglycerin
65 Sodium Nitroprusside
66 Deliberate Hypotension
67 Calcium Channel Blockers
68 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors and Anesthesia
69 Benzodiazepenes
70 Antiemetic Agents
71 Anti-Aspiration Drugs
72 Diuretics
73 Bronchodilators
74 Effects of pKa, pH, and Protein Binding
75 Anaphylactic and Anaphylactoid Reactions
76 Coronary Circulation and the Myocardial Conduction System
77 Cerebral Circulation
78 Anatomy of the Posterior Fossa
79 Spinal Cord Anatomy and Blood Supply
80 The Autonomic Nervous System
81 Central Venous Cannulation: Anatomy and Complications
82 Anatomy of the Larynx
83 Brachial Plexus Anatomy
84 Transesophageal Echocardiography: Anatomical Considerations
85 Transesophageal Echocardiography: Intraoperative Uses
86 Medical Gas Cylinders: Physics, Handling Safety, Pin Indexing
87 Flowmeters: Physics of Gas Flow
88 Vaporizers
89 Closed-Circuit Anesthesia
90 Carbon Dioxide Absorption
91 Causes of Carbon Dioxide Retention in Anesthetic Breathing Systems
92 Capnography
93 Disconnect Monitors
94 Pulse Oximetry
95 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
96 Direct Arterial Pressure Monitoring
97 Pitfalls of Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring
98 Effect of Cardiac Function on Central Venous Pressure
99 Factors Affecting Thermodilution Cardiac Output
100 Hemodynamic Monitoring for Patients with COPD
101 Line Isolation Monitors: Leakage Currents
102 Microshock Hazards
103 Laser Combustion
104 Physics and Physiology of Neuromuscular Monitoring
105 Preemptive Anesthesia and Perioperative Pain Control
106 Patient-Controlled Analgesia
107 Epidural Steroid Injection
108 Pain Therapy for Patients with Cancer
109 Neuraxial Opioids
110 Celiac Plexus Block
111 Lumbar Sympathetic Block
112 Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
113 Posterpetic Neuralgia
114 Stellate Ganglion Block
115 Postoperative Headache
116 Local Anesthetic: Mechanisms of Action
117 Local Anesthetic Pharmacology
118 Toxicity of Local Anesthetics
119 Local Anesthetic Preservatives
120 Cocaine Pharmacology
121 Spinal Anesthesia
122 Epidural Anesthesia
123 Combined Spinal-Epidural Blockade
124 Neuraxial Anesthesia and Anticoagulation
125 Upper Extremity Blocks
126 Lower Extremity Blocks
127 Lower Extremity Block: Psoas Compartment Block
128 Nerve Block at the Ankle
129 Retrobulbar Blocks
130 Regional Anesthesia and Pain Relief in Children
131 Bronchopleural Fistula
132 Pneumo-, Hemo-, and Chylothorax
133 Double-Lumen Endotracheal Tubes
134 One-Lung Ventilation and Methods of Improving Oxygenation
135 High Frequency Ventilation
136 Preoperative Evaluation of the Patient with Cardiac Disease
137 Pacemakers
138 Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrilator
139 Detection and Treatment of Perioperative Acute Coronary Syndromes
140 Anticoagulation and Reversal for Cardiopulmonary Bypass
141 Evaluation of the Coagulation System
142 Causes of Intraoperative Bradycardia
143 Aortic Stenosis
144 Heart Failure:Classification, Compensation, and Therapy
145 Neonatal Cardiovascular Physiology
146 Congenital Heart Disease: Congestive Heart Failure
147 Anesthesia for Patient Ductus Arteriosus and Other Neonatal Cardiovascular Problems
148 Cardiopulmonary Bypass
149 Anesthesia for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Procedures
150 Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass and Minimally Invansive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass
151 Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump
152 Increased Intracranial Pressure
153 Anesthesia for Hypophysectomy
154 Carotid Endarterectomy
155 Cerebral Aneurysm Surgery
156 Cerebral Protection
157 Anesthesia for the Sitting Position
158 Physiology and Treatment of Venous Air Embolism
159 Management of Acute Spinal Cord Injury
160 Autonomic Hyperreflexia
161 Prematurity: Anesthetic Risks
162 The Infant Adult Airway Versus the Adult Airway
163 Congenital Pediatric Airway Problems
164 Effects of High Maternal Oxygen Concentrations on the Fetus
165 Fluid Management in Infants
166 Meconium Aspiration
167 Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
168 Other Neonatal Emergencies: Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Omphalocele
169 Pediatric Neuromuscular Disorders
170 Pyloric Stenosis
171 VATER Association and Trisomy- 21
172 Croup Versus Epiglottitis
173 Neuromuscular Blockers in Neonates
174 Pediatric Breathing Circuits
175 Maternal Physiologic Changes in Pregnancy
176 Nonobstetric Surgery During Pregnancy
177 Anesthesia for the Patient With Preeclampsia
178 Maternal Diabetes: Neonatal Effects
179 The Pregnant Patient with Cardiac Disease
180 Drugs Affecting the Uterus: Tocolytics and Oxytocics
181 Analgesia for Labor
182 Fetal Monitoring
183 Anesthesia for Cesarean Section
184 Neonatal Resuscitation
185 Peripartum Hemorrhage
186 Type, Screen, and Crossmatch, and Emergency Blood Group Switching
187 Red Blood Cell Transfusion
188 Massive Transfusion
189 Infectious Transfusion Risks
190 Occupational Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens
191 Autotransfusion
192 Indications and Risks of Platelet Transfusion
193 Albumin, Hetastarch, and Pentastarch
194 Nonhemolytic Transfusion Reactions
195 Hemolytic Transfusion Reactions
196 Sickle Cell Anemia: Anesthetic Implications
197 Issues in Ambulatory Anesthesia
198 Positioning
199 Management of the Difficult Airway
200 Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
201 Anticholinesterase and Anticholinergic Poisoning
202 Malignant Hyperthermia
203 Myastenia Gravis and Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
204 Anesthesia for Myotonic Dystrophy
205 Anesthesia for Patients with Epilepsy
206 Morbid Obesity and Anesthesia
207 Anesthetic Implications of Thyroid Storm
208 Anesthesia for Patients with Chronic Renal Failure
209 Anesthesia for Patients with Carcinoid Tumors
210 Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithrotripsy
211 Anesthesia for Laryngeal Surgery
212 Anesthesia for Brochoscopy
213 Anesthesia for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
214 Hyperosmolar Coma
215 Anesthesia for Patients with Hepatocellular Disease
216 Acute and Chronic Alcoholism and Anesthesia
217 Anesthesia for Liver Transplantation
218 Anesthesia for Tubal Ligation
219 Complications of Transurethral Resection of the Prostate
220 Anesthesia for Electroconvulsive Therapy
221 Anesthesia for MRI
222 Strabismus Surgery
223 Oculocardiac Reflex
224 Anesthesia for Drug Abusers
225 Chemical Dependency in Anesthesia Personnel
226 Medical Ethics
227 Awareness Under Anesthesia
228 Eye Complications
229 Complications of Endotracheal Intubation
230 Pulmonary Embolism: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment
231 Intraoperative Wheezing: Etiology and Treatment
232 Evaluation of Prolonged Postoperative Arousal
233 Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
234 Latex Allergy
235 Medical Legal Principles: Medical Negligence
236 Periopreative Pulmonary Aspiration
237 Perioperative Neuropathies in the Upper Extremities
238 Perioperative Neuropathies in the Lower Extremities