Study Guide and Laboratory Exercises for Technology for Diagnostic Sonography

Study Guide and Laboratory Exercises for Technology for Diagnostic Sonography

By Wayne R. Hedrick, PhD, Professor, Medical Radiation Biophysics, College of Medicine, Northeastern Ohio University, Rootstown, OH, USA; Certified Diagnostic Radiological and Medical Nuclear Physicist, Aultman Hospital, Canton, OH, USA and Paul R. Wagner, BS, RDMS, RDCS, RVT, Program Director, Diagnostic Medical Sonography South Hills School of Business and Technology State College, Pennsylvania

Section I: Fundamental Concepts

1. Properties of Sound Waves

2. Interactions of Ultrasound with Tissue

3. Intensity

4. Single Element Transducers: Properties

5. Single Element Transducers: Transmission and Echo Reception

6. Static Imaging

7. Image Formation in Real-Time Ultrasound

8. Real-Time Ultrasound Transducers

9. Real-Time Ultrasound Instrumentation

10. Digital Signal and Image Processing

11. Image Quality in Real-Time Ultrasound

12. Real-Time Image Artifacts

13. Doppler Physics and Instrumentation

14. Pulsed-Wave Doppler Spectral Analysis

15. Doppler Imaging

16. M-Mode

17. Clinical Safety

18. Performance Testing

Appendix A: Computer

Appendix B: Hemodynamics

Appendix C: Contrast Agents

Section II: Laboratory Exercises

Lab 1 Display Depth, Frame Rate, Freeze Frame, Cine Loop

Lab 2 Overall Gain and Output Power

Lab 3 Time Gain Compensation

Lab 4 Frequency and Penetration

Lab 5 Transmit Focus

Lab 6 Magnification (Write Zoom)

Lab 7 Dynamic Range

Lab 8 Persistence

Lab 9 Gray-Scale Mapping

Lab 10 Distance and Area Measurements

Lab 11 Doppler Controls I

Lab 12 Doppler Controls II

Lab 13 Doppler Angle to Flow

Lab 14 Nyquist Limit and Aliasing

Lab 15 Color Controls I

Lab 16 Color Controls II

Lab 17 Application Presets

Lab 18 Tissue-Mimicking Pphantom

Section III: Review Tests

Review Questions

Answers to Review Questions with Explanations

Glossary of Key Terms