Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain

Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain

By Simon Dagenais, DC, PhD, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery and Department fo Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontaria, Canada, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; and Scott Haldeman DC, MD, PhD,Department of Neurology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA,Southern California University of Health Sciences, Whittier, CA


Foreword by Charles Branch, MD

Preface

Contributors

Section 1: Introduction

1. Evidence-Based Management of Low Back Pain

2. Guide to Using This Textbook

3. Assessment of Low Back Pain

4. Management of Acute Low Back Pain

Section 2: Education

5. Physical Activity, Smoking Cessation, and Weight Loss

6. Watchful Waiting and Brief Education

7. Back Schools and Fear Avoidance Training

Section 3: Exercise

8. Lumbar Stabilization Exercise

9. Lumbar Strengthening Exercise

10. McKenzie Method

Section 4: Medication

11. Common Analgesics

12. Opioid Analgesics

13. Adjunctive Analgesics

Section 5: Physical Modalities

14. Electrotherapeutic Modalities and Physical Agents

15. Traction Therapy

Section 6: Manual Therapies

16. Massage Therapy

17. Spinal Manipulation and Mobilization

18. Medicine Assisted Manipulation

Section 7: Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies

19. Nutritional, Herbal, and Homeopathic Supplements

20. Needle Acupuncture

Section 8: Behavioral Therapies

21. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

22. Functional Restoration

Section 9: Injection Therapies

23. Epidural Steroid Injections

24. Trigger Point Injections

25. Prolotherapy

Section 10: Minimally Invasive Therapies

26. Lumbar Medial Branch Neurotomy

27. Intradiscal Thermal Therapies

28. Nucleoplasty

Section 11: Surgical Therapies

29. Decompression Surgery

30. Fusion Surgery and Disc Arthroplasty

Conclusion

Back Matter

Glossary

Answer Key

Index