Critical Care Medicine, Principles of Diagnosis and Management in the Adult, 3rd Edition

Critical Care Medicine

3rd Edition Principles of Diagnosis and Management in the Adult

By Joseph E. Parrillo, MD, FCCM, Professor of Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey; Director of the Cooper Heart Institute, Head of Cardiovascular Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Cooper Health System, Camden, NJ; and R. Phillip Dellinger, MD, FCCM, Professor of Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; Director, Section of Critical Care Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ


Part I CRITICAL CARE PROCEDURES, MONITORING,
AND PHARMACOLOGY


1 Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Wanchun Tang and Max Harry Weil

2 Airway Management in the Critically Ill Adult, G. G. Lavery and C. A. Jamison

3 Assessment of Cardiac Filling and Blood Flow, Amish Patel, Andrew Rhodes, and Richard Beale

4 Arterial, Central Venous, and Pulmonary Artery Catheters, Jean-Louis Vincent

5 Temporary Cardiac Pacing, Lawrence J. Gessman and Joseph E. Parrillo

6 Pericardial Tamponade: Clinical Presentation,
Diagnosis, and Catheter-Based Therapies, Hani Jneid, Andrew O. Maree, and Igor F. Palacios

7 Intra-aortic Balloon Counterpulsation, Zoltan G. Turi

8 Echocardiography, Sherif F. Nagueh and Priscilla J. Peters

9 General Principles of Mechanical Ventilation, Ismail Cinel, Smith Jean, and R. Phillip Dellinger

10 Ventilatory Management of Obstructive Airway Disease, John Marini

11 Mechanical Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Luciano Gattinoni, Eleonora Carlesso, and Pietro Caironi

12 Bronchoscopy and Lung Biopsy in Critically Ill Patients, Thaddeus Bartter and Melvin R. Pratter

13 Noninvasive Respiratory Monitoring, Amal Jubran and Martin J. Tobin

14 Arterial Blood Gas Measurements, Robin Gross and William Peruzzi

15 Tracheostomy, Yaakov Friedman and Sabine Sobek

16 Chest Tube Thoracostomy, Vincent E. Lotano

17 Intracranial Monitoring, Alan R. Turtz

18 Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Jack T. Dinh and Adam B. Elfant

19 Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy, Boon Wee Teo, Nigel S. Kanagasundaram, and
Emil P. Paganini

20 Use of Sedatives, Analgesics, and Neuromuscular Blockers, Michael J. Murray, Lance J. Oyen, and William T. Browne

21 Principles of Drug Dosing in Critically Ill Patients, John W. Devlin and Jeffrey F. Barletta

Part II CRITICAL CARE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

22 Shock: Classifi cation, Pathophysiology, and Approach to Management, Anand Kumar and Joseph E. Parrillo

23 Cardiogenic Shock, Steven M. Hollenberg and Joseph E. Parrillo

24 Septic Shock, Stephen Trzeciak, R. Phillip Dellinger, and Joseph E. Parrillo

25 Cardiac Tamponade, Zoltan G. Turi

26 Severe Sepsis and Multiple Organ Dysfunction, Sergio L. Zanotti-Cavazzoni,
R. Phillip Dellinger, and Joseph E. Parrillo

27 Hypovolemic Shock, A. B. J. Groeneveld

28 Traumatic Shock and Tissue Hypoperfusion: Nonsurgical Management, David J. Dries

29 Anaphylaxis and Anaphylactic Shock, Marilyn T. Haupt

30 Severe Heart Failure, Fredric Ginsberg and Joseph E. Parrillo

31 Acute Coronary Syndromes and Acute Myocardial Infarction, Steven Werns

32 Cardiac Arrhythmias, Lawrence J. Gessman and Richard Trohman

33 Valvular Heart Disease in Critical Care, Zoltan G. Turi

34 Acute Aortic Dissection, Jonathan H. Cilley, Jr., and Robert J. March

35 Hypertensive Crises, Sergio L. Zanotti-Cavazzoni

36 General Principles of Postoperative Intensive
Care Unit Care, Michael J. Hockstein and Philip S. Barie

37 Management of the Patient after Cardiac Surgery, Robert G. Johnson and C. Allen Bashour

Part III CRITICAL CARE PULMONARY DISEASE

38 Acute Respiratory Failure, David P. Gurka and Robert A. Balk

39 Life-Threatening Asthma, S. Sujanthy Rajaram and R. Phillip Dellinger

40 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Guillermo Domínguez-Cherit, Juan Gabriel Posadas-Calleja, and Delia Borunda

41 Hypoventilation and Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction, Franco Laghi

42 Nonpulmonary Causes of Respiratory Failure, Ramya Lotano

43 Pneumonia: Considerations for the Critically Ill Patient, Michael S. Niederman

44 Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation, Martin J. Tobin

45 Pulmonary Embolism, John D. Buckley, Daniel R. Ouellette, and John Popovich, Jr.

46 Pulmonary Hypertension, Lewis J. Rubin

47 Massive Hemoptysis, Susan Garwood, Charlie Strange, and Steven A. Sahn

48 Pneumothorax and Barotrauma, Ankur A. Karnik and Ashok M. Karnik

49 Toxic Gas, Fume, and Smoke Inhalation, M. Sean Kincaid, Sam R. Sharar, and Leonard D. Hudson

50 Immunologic Lung Disease in the Critically Ill, Gregory A. Schmidt and Gary W. Hunninghake

Part IV CRITICAL CARE INFECTIOUS DISEASE

51 Nosocomial Infection in the Intensive Care Unit, Dennis G. Maki, Christopher J. Crnich, and Nasia Safdar

52 Principles Governing Antimicrobial Therapy in the Intensive Care Unit, John Godke and George Karam

53 Antifungal and Antiviral Therapy, Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner and John H. Rex

54 Critically Ill Immunosuppressed Host, Henry Masur

55 Specifi c Infections with Critical Care Implications, Henry S. Fraimow and Annette C. Reboli

Part V RENAL DISEASE AND METABOLIC DISORDERS IN THE CRITICALLY ILL

56 Acute Renal Failure, Robert J. Anderson

57 Chronic Renal Failure, Robert J. Anderson

58 Acid-Base, Electrolyte, and Metabolic Abnormalities, Ahmad Bilal Faridi and Lawrence S. Weisberg

59 Acute Diabetic Emergencies, Hypoglycemia, and Glycemic Control, Michael Chansky and Ghada Haddad

60 Adrenal Insuffi ciency in the Critically Ill Patient, Robert W. Taylor

61 Thyroid Disorders, Susan S. Braithwaite

Part VI NEUROLOGIC DISEASE IN THE CRITICALLY ILL

62 Coma, Igor Ougorets and John J. Caronna

63 Neurologic Criteria for Death in Adults, Joseph A. Karam and John M. Luce

64 Stroke, Thomas R. Mirsen

65 Acute Neuromuscular Respiratory Failure in Myasthenia Gravis and Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Osman Samil Kozak and Eelco F. M. Wijdicks

66 Seizures in the Critically Ill, Thomas P. Bleck

67 Head Injury, Alan R. Turtz and H. Warren Goldman

Part VII PHYSICAL AND TOXIC INJURY IN THE CRITICALLY ILL

68 Critical Care Management of the Severely Burned Patient, Jeffery R. Saffle

69 Poisonings, Janice L. Zimmerman and Maria Rudis

70 Hypothermia, Hyperthermia, and Rhabdomyolysis, Sanjay Subramanian, J. Christopher Farmer, and Christopher McFadden

Part VIII ADMINISTRATIVE, ETHICAL, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES IN CARE OF THE
CRITICALLY ILL


71 Intensive Care Unit Administration and Performance Improvement, Sean Townsend and Carolyn Bekes

72 Ethical Considerations in Managing Critically Ill Patients, Marion Danis, Ezekial Emanuel, and Henry Silverman

73 Delirium, Sleep, and Mental Health Disturbances in Critical Illness, Pratik Pandharipande, James Jackson, and E. Wesley Ely

74 Severity Scoring Systems: Tools for the Evaluation of Patients and Intensive Care Units, Rui P. Moreno and Philipp G. H. Metnitz

75 Education and Training in Critical Care, Nandan Gautam, Hannah Reay, and Julian Bion

Part IX OTHER CRITICAL CARE DISORDERS AND ISSUES IN CARE OF THE CRITICALLY ILL

76 Diagnosis and Management of Liver Failure in the Adult, Nick Murphy

77 Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Louis Chaptini and Steven Peikin

78 Acute Pancreatitis, John C. Marshall

79 Hemorrhagic and Thrombotic Disorders, Neil A. Lachant

80 Use of Blood Components in the Intensive Care Unit, Judith A. Luce

81 Intensive Care of the Cancer Patient, Brendan D. Curti and Dan L. Longo

82 Critical Care Medicine in Pregnancy, Stephen E. Lapinsky

83 Nutrition Support, Richard G. Barton