Rapid Review Laboratory Testing in Clinical Medicine, with STUDENT CONSULT Access

Rapid Review Laboratory Testing in Clinical Medicine

with STUDENT CONSULT Access

By Edward F. Goljan, MD, Professor and Chairman of Pathology, Oklahoma State University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tulsa, OK; and Karlis I. Sloka, DO, Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Oklahoma State University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Tulsa, OK


Laboratory Test Interpretation

Purpose of laboratory tests

Sensitivity and specificity

Predictive value

Precision and accuracy

Normal (reference) range

Variables affecting laboratory test results

Clinical Chemistry

Plasma proteins

Lipids

Electrolytes and acid-base

Iron studies

Renal

Liver

Endocrine

Cardiac

Pancreas

Gastrointestinal

Reproductive

Body Fluid Analysis

Cerebrospinal fluid

Synovial fluid

Effusions

Pulmonary Function

Calculation of Alveolar-arterial gradient

Spirometry and flow volume curves

Hematology

Reticulocyte count

Complete blood cell count (CBC)

Bone marrow exam

Hemoglobin electrophoresis

Red blood cell (RBC) disorders

White blood cell (WBC) disorders

Immunology

B and T cells

Immunodeficiency disorders

Human leukocyte antigens

Complement

Hypersensitivity disease

Autoimmune disease

Coagulation

Platelets

Coagulation

Fibrinolysis

Platelet disorders

Coagulation disorders

Summary table

Blood Bank and Transfusion
Medicine

Blood groups

Rh groups

Blood transfusion

Blood components

Transfusion reactions

ABO and hemolytic disease of newborns

Laboratory Aspects of Cancer

Tumor markers

Ectopic hormone syndromes