Retina, 3-Volume Set, 4th Edition


4th Edition 3-Volume Set

By Stephen J. Ryan, MD, Professor of Ophthalmology, President, Doheny Eye Institute, USC Keck School of Medicine Doheny Eye Institute 5900, Los Angeles, Ca.; David R. Hinton, MD, FRCPC, Professor, Department of Pathology, Neurology, and Neurological Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA; Andrew P. Schachat, MD, Karl Hagen Professor of Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University and Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA; and Pat Wilkinson, MD, Chairman, Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center and Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA


Part 1 Basic Science, Inherited Retinal Disease and Tumors

Section 1 Anatomy and Physiology

1. The development of the retina - Thomas Reh and Ala Moshiri
2. Stem Cells - Martin Friedlander
3. The choroid: structural considerations - David R. Guyer, Andrew P. Schachat and W. Richard Green
4. Functional anatomy of the mammalian retina - Stephen C. Massey
5. Retinal and choroidal blood flow in health and disease - Alon Harris, David Bingaman, Thomas Ciulla and Bruce Martin
6. Electrogenesis of the electroretinogram - Laura J. Frishman
7. Cell biology of the retinal pigment epithelium - Gabriele Thumann, Stephan Hoffman and David R. Hinton
8. Structure and function of rod photoreceptors - Jeannie Chen, Scott Geller and John Flannery
9. The physiology and morphology of the vertebrate retina - Robert F. Miller

Section 2 Visual Psychophysics

10. Color vision and night vision - Joel Pokorny and Vivianne C. Smith
11. Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity - Gary S. Rubin
12. Visual fields in retinal disease - Steven E. Feldon

Section 3 Ocular Immunology

13. Retinal autoimmunity - Wee-Kiak Lim and Robert B. Nussenblatt

Section 4 Evaluation

14. Diagnostic ophthalmic ultrasound - Ronald L. Green and Sandra Frazier Byrne
15. Clinical Electrophysiology - Thomas E. Ogden

Section 5 Genetics

16. Molecular Genetics of Retinal Disease - Jeremiah Brown, Andrew R. Webster, Val C. Sheffield and Edwin M. Stone

Section 6 Retinal Degenerations and Dystrophies

17. Retinitis pigmentosa and allied disorders - Richard G. Weleber and Kevin Gregory-Evans
18. Hereditary choroidal disease - Diana V. Do, Kang Zhang, Daniel C. Garabaldi, Ronald E. Carr and Janet S. Sunness
19. Abnormalities of cone and rod function - Janet Sunness
20. Hereditary vitreoretinal degenerations - Albert O. Edwards and Joseph E. Robertson, Jr.

Section 7 Principles of Vitreoretinal Therapy

21. Retinal Laser Therapy: Biophysical Basis and Applications - Daniel Palanker, Mark S. Blumenkranz and John J. Weiter

Part 2 Tumors of the Retina, Choroid, and Vitreous

Section 1 Tumors of the Retina

22. Retinoblastoma - A. Linn Murphree, Michael A. Samuel and J. William Harbour
23. Cavernous hemangioma - Anita Agarwal, Thomas Aaberg and Paul Sternberg
24. Capillary hemangioma of the retina and von Hippel-Lindau disease - Brad J. Hinz and Andrew P. Schachat
25. Tuberous sclerosis and the eye - Alan F. Cruess and Sanjay Sharma
26. Other phakomatoses - Jerry Shields and Carol Shields
27. Retinal metastases - Christopher Pelzek and Andrew Schachat
28. Remote effects of cancer on the retina - Ranjit S. Dhaliwal and Andrew P. Schachat
29. Melanocytoma of the optic disc - Jerry A. Shields and Leonard Joffe

Section 2 Tumors of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium

30. Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium - Helmut Buettner
31. Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium - Dean Elliott and Andrew P. Schachat

Section 3 Choroidal Melanoma and Related Issues

32. Choroidal nevi - Justin L. Gottlieb, JosÚ Alain Sahel and Daniel M. Albert
33. Epidemiology of uveal melanoma - Johanna M. Seddon and Tara A. Young
34. Choroidal melanoma: prognosis - Johanna M. Seddon and Tara A. Young
35. Pathology of choroidal melanoma - Shannath L. Merbs and W. Richard Green
36. Overview of management of posterior uveal melanoma - Jerry A. Shields
37. Enucleation for choroidal melanomas - Frederick Davidorf, Jeffrey McAdoo, Robert Chambers and Lewis Chorich
38. Brachytherapy for choroidal melanoma - Dennis M. Robertson, John D. Earle and Robert W. Kline
39. Charged-particle irradiation of uveal melanoma - Evangelos S. Gragoudas and Anne Marie Lane
40. Surgical resection of choroidal melanomas - Bertil E. Damato and Wallace S. Foulds
41. Vitreous, retinal, and choroidal biopsy - Anat Loewenstein, W. Richard Green, Diana V. Do and Julia A. Haller
42. Laser treatment of choroidal melanoma - Norbert Bornfeld and Gerasimos Anastassiou
43. Systematic evaluation and management of patients with choroidal melanoma - James Willson
44. Collaborative ocular melanoma study - Barbara S. Hawkins and Andrew P. Schachat

Section 4 Other Tumors of the Choroid

45. Choroidal metastasis - Moody D. Wharam and Andrew P. Schachat
46. Choroidal osteoma - Carol Shields, Gary Brown, Sanjay Sharma, and Jerry Shields
47. Circumscribed choroidal hemangioma - George Sanborn
48. Miscellaneous uveal tumors - David J. Wilson
49. Leukemias and lymphomas - Ranjit Dhaliwal and Andrew Schachat
50. Non-Hodgkin?s (?reticulum cell?) lymphoma - Hilel Lewis, Andrew Schachat and Arun Singh


Section 1 Normal Retinal Anatomy and Function

51. Fluorescein angiography: basic principles and interpretation -Robert Johnson, Richard McDonald, Everett Ai, J. Michael Jumper, and Arthur Fu
52. Quantitative fluorescein angiography - Srinivas Sadda and Alex Walsh
53. Diagnostic indocyanine green videogiography - Christina M. Klais, Michael D. Ober, Antonio P. Ciardella, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi and Jason S. Slakter

Section 2 Pathologic Responses

54. Pathogenesis of serous detachment of the retina and pigment epithelium - Alan C. Bird
55. Steroids in Macular Disease - Carl H. Park and Glenn J. Jaffe
56. Choroidal neovascularization - Stephen J. Ryan, David R. Hinton and Toshinori Murata

Section 3 Treatment Principles

57. Management of intraocular inflammation - Narsing A. Rao

Section 4 Macular Disease

58. Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration - Johanna M. Seddon and Clara A. Chen
59. Age changes in Bruch?s membrane and related structures - Robyn Guymer and Alan C. Bird
60. Neovascular (exudative) age-related macular degeneration -Neil M. Bressler, Susan B. Bressler and Stuart L. Fine
61. Choroidal neovascular membrane in degenerative myopia - Gisele Soubrane and Gabriele J. Coscas
62. Central serous chorioretinopathy - Christina M. Klais, Michael D. Ober, Antonio P. Ciardella and Lawrence A. Yanuzzi
63. Macular dystrophies - August F. Deutman, Carel B. Hoyng and Janneke J.C. van Lith-Verhoeven
64. Pharmacotherapyof Age-Related Macular Degeneration - Mark S. Blummenkranz and Darius M. Moshfeghi

Section 5 Retinal Vascular Diseases

65. Etiologic mechanisms in diabetic retinopathy - Robert N. Frank
66. Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy - Emily Y. Chew and Frederick L. Ferris III
67. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy - Matthew Davis and Barbara Blodi
68. Retinal artery obstruction - Sanjay Sharma and Gary C. Brown
69. Central retinal vein occlusion - Prithvi Mruthyunjaya and Sharon Fekrat
70. Branch retinal vein occlusion - Stephen Phillips, Sharon Fekrat and Daniel Finkelstein
71. Pregnancy and retinal disease - Justin C. Brown and Janet S. Sunness
72. Preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome - Richard R. Ober
73. Hypertension - Robert P. Murphy, Linda A. Lam and Emily Y. Chew
74. Rheumatic diseases - Jennifer E. Thorne and Douglas A. Jabs
75. Parafoveal telangiectasis - Emily Y. Chew
76. Coats? disease - Diana V. Do and Julia A. Haller
77. Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and related vasculopathies - James P. Bolling
78. Hemoglobinopathies - Geoffrey G. Emerson, Joseph B. Harlan Jr, Sharon Fekrat, Gerard A. Lutty and Morton F. Goldberg
79. Retinopathy of prematurity - Earl A. Palmer, Dale L. Phelps, Rand Spencer and Gerard A. Lutty
80. Acquired retinal macroaneurysms - Emily Y. Chew and Robert P. Murphy
81. Eales? disease - Mohammed K. Barazi and Robert P. Murphy
82. Radiation retinopathy - Albert M. Maguire and Andrew P. Schachat
83. Ocular ischemic syndrome - Sanjay Sharma and Gary C. Brown
84. The Epidemiology of Diabetic Retinopathy - Ron Klein and Barbara Klein
85. Clinical Applications of Diagnostic Indocyanine Green Angiography - Nicole E. Gross and Lawrence A. Yannuzzi
86. Optical coherence tomography and retinal thickness assessment for diagnosis and management - Andrew A. Moshfeghi, Elias C. Mavrofrides and Carmen A. Puliafito
87. Retina-related clinical trials: a resource bibliography - Barbara S. Hawkins and Diana V. Do

Section 6 Inflammatory Disease

88. Ocular toxoplasmosis - Douglas A. Jabs and Quan Dong Nguyen
89. Ocular toxocariasis - CP Wilkinson
90. Cytomegalovirus infections of the retina - Jean D. Vaudaux and Gary N. Holland
91. Retinal disease in HIV-infected patients - Brian R. Kosobuki and William R. Freeman
92. Acute retinal necrosis syndrome - Jay S. Pepose and Russell N. Van Gelder
93. Endogenous fungal infections of the retina and choroid - Gary N. Holland
94. Pars planitis - Pravin U. Dugel, Derek Y. Kunimoto and Ronald E. Smith
95. Retinal syphilis and tuberculosis - David L. Knox
96. Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis - Janet L. Davis, J. Donald M. Gass, Karl R. Olsen
97. Scleral Inflammatory Disease - Albert T. Vitale and Maite Sainz de la Maza
98. Ocular histoplasmosis - Barbara Hawkins, Judith Alexander, Sharon D. Solomon and Andrew Schachat
99. Birdshot retinochoroidopathy - Stephen J. Ryan and Narsing A. Rao
100. Multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis, diffuse subretinal fibrosis and punctate inner choroidopathy - James Folk and Jonathan Walker
101. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome - Lee M. Jampol and Linda Tsai
102. Sarcoidosis - Douglas A. Jabs and Quan Dong Nguyen
103. Acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy - Alan C. Bird
104. Serpiginous choroiditis - J. Michael Jumper, H. Richard McDonald, Robert N. Johnson, Everett Ai and Arthur D. Fu
105. Sympathetic ophthalmia - Narsing A. Rao
106. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease - P. Kumar Rao and Narsing A. Rao

Section 7 Other Diseases

107. Drug toxicity of the posterior segment - Robert A. Mittra and William F. Mieler
108. Retinal Injuries From Light: Mechanisms, Hazards And Prevention - Martin A. Mainster and Patricia L. Turner
109. Traumatic chorioretinopathies - James S. Kelley

Section 8 Optic Nerve

110. Optic disc pits and associated serous macular detachment - Alfredo A. Sadun
111. Immunosuppressive therapy for posterior segment disease - Douglas A. Jabs and Esen Karamursel Akpek


Section 1 What Normally Keeps the Retina Attached?
112. Mechanisms of normal retinal adhesion - Michael F. Marmor
113. Fluid physiology of the subretinal space - Jonathan E. Pederson
114. Vitreoretinal interface - W. Richard Green and Jerry Sebag

Section 2 Retinal Reattachments: Surgical Principles and Techniques

115. Cellular effects of detachment and reattachment on the neural retina and the retinal pigment epithelium - Steven K. Fisher and Geoffrey P. Lewis
116. Pathogenic mechanisms of retinal detachment - Kean T. Oh, Mary Elizabeth Hartnett and Maurice B. Landers III
117. The effects and action of scleral buckles in the treatment of retinal detachment - John T. Thompson
118. Techniques of scleral buckling - George A. Williams and Thomas M. Aaberg, Jr
119. Pneumatic Retinopexy - Daniel A. Brinton and Eugene S. Lit
120. Primary vitrectomy in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment - Heinrich Heimann and Bernd Kirchhof
121. Optimal procedures for retinal detachments - G. William Aylward
122. Prevention of retinal detachment - C. P. Wilkinson
123. Nonrhegmatagenous retinal detachment - Rajiv Anand and William S. Tasman
124. Nonrhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: Retinal Detachment and Retinoschisis without a Macular Hole in Highly Myopic Eyes - Masahito Ohji and Yasuo Tano
125. Principles and techniques of vitreoretinal surgery - Steve Charles
126. Management of the pupil - Jay M. Stewart and Eugene de Juan, Jr

Section 3 Special Adjuncts to Treatment

127. Intraocular gases - Stanley Chang
128. Perfluorocarbon liquids in vitreous surgery - Robert Kwun and Stanley Chang
129. Silicone oils: physicochemical properties - Jean-Marie Parel, Peter Milne, Sandrine Gautier, Valerie Jallet and Franck Villain
130. Silicone oil in vitreoretinal surgery - Ron P. Gallemore and Brooks W. McCuen II
131. The Pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy - Peter A. Campochiaro
132. The mechanism of action of drugs for the treatment of vitreoretinal scarring - Mark S. Blumenkranz and Michael K. Hartzer
133. Vitrectomy for infectious endophthalmitis - Travis A. Meredith
134. Diagnostic and therapeutic vitrectomy for uveitis - Russell N. Van Gelder and Henry J. Kaplan

Section 4 Complicated Forms of Retinal Detachment

135. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy - John T. Thompson
136. Retinotomies and retinectomies - Gary Abrams, Enrique Garcia-Valenzuela and Sumit Nanda
137. Giant retinal tears with proliferative vitreoretinopathy - Stanley Chang and JosÚ Manuel Lopez
138. Posterior Penetrating Trauma - Stephen J. Ryan and Young Hee Yoon
139. Posterior segment manifestations of closed-globe contusion injury - Pravin U. Dugel, Peter H. Win and Richard R. Ober
140. Trauma: principles and techniques of treatment - Franco M. Recchia, Thomas Aaberg Jr and Paul Sternberg Jr
141. Intraocular neovascularization - Tara A. Young and Joan W. Miller
142. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy: principles and techniques of surgical treatment - Dean Eliott, Michael S. Lee and Gary W. Abrams
143. Control of perioperative bleeding in vitreoretinal surgery - David R. Chow and Serge de Bustros
144. Retinopathy of prematurity - Michael Trese
145. Surgical aspects of vitreoretinal disease in children - Peter Wiedemann
146. Management of combined inflammatory and rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (AIDS and ARN) - Allan E. Kreiger and Christine R. Gonzales
147. Macular epiretinal membranes - H. Richard McDonald, Robert N. Johnson, Everett Ai, J. Michael Jumper and Arthur D. Fu
148. Macular hole - Raymond N. Sjaarda and John T. Thompson
149. Surgical removal of subretinal choroidal neovascular membranes - Daniel P. Joseph, A. Jeffrey Whitehead and Matthew A. Thomas

Section 5 Vitreous Surgery: Additional Considerations

150. Surgical management of submacular hemorrhage - Henry C. Lee and Nancy M. Holekamp
151. Limited macular translocation - Gildo Y. Fujii and Eugene de Juan Jr.
152. Macular translocation with 360░ peripheral retinectomy - Mark T. Cahill and Cynthia A. Toth
153. Retinal Pigment Epithelium and Photoreceptor Transplantation Frontiers - Vamsi Gullapalli, Mohamad Khodair, Hao Wang, Ilene Sugino, Marco Zarbin and Steven Madreperla
154. Artificial vision - Mark S. Humayun, Rohit R. Lakhanpal and James D. Weiland
155. Surgery for diffuse macular edema due to multiple causes, including proliferative vitreoretinopathy - Zdenek Gregor and Lyndon da Cruz