Evidence-Based Nursing, A Guide to Clinical Practice

Evidence-Based Nursing

A Guide to Clinical Practice

By Alba DiCenso, RN, PhD, Professor, Nursing & Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, CHRSF/CIHR Nursing Chair in Advanced Practice Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Gordon Guyatt, MD, MSc, Chair, Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group; Professor, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; and Donna Ciliska, RN, PhD, Professor, Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada


PART I - The Basics: Using the Nursing Literature
Chapter 1: Introduction to Evidence-Based Nursing
Chapter 2: Finding the Evidence
Chapter 3: Health Care Interventions and Harm: An Introduction
Chapter 4: Health Care Interventions
Chapter 5: Harm
Chapter 6: Diagnosis
Chapter 7: Prognosis
Chapter 8: Qualitative Research
Chapter 9: Summarizing the Evidence Through Systematic Reviews
Chapter 10: Moving from Evidence to Action Using Clinical Practice Guidelines
Chapter 11: Changing Nursing Practice in an Organization

PART II - Beyond the Basics: Using and Teaching the Principles of Evidence-Based Nursing
Unit I: Health Care Interventions
Chapter 12: Quality of Life
Chapter 13: Surrogate Outcomes
Chapter 14: Surprising Results of Randomized Controlled Trials
Chapter 15: The Principle of Intention-to-Treat
Chapter 16: When to Believe a Subgroup Analysis

Unit II: Health Services Research
Chapter 17: Health Services Interventions
Chapter 18: Economic Evaluation
Chapter 19: Computer Decision Support Systems

Unit III: Diagnosis
Chapter 20: Clinical Manifestations of Disease
Chapter 21: Differential Diagnosis
Chapter 22: Clinical Prediction Rules

Unit IV: Summarizing the Evidence Through Systematic Reviews
Chapter 23: Publication Bias
Chapter 24: Evaluating Differences in Study Results
Chapter 25: Fixed-Effects and Random-Effects Models

Unit V: Understanding the Results
Chapter 26: Bias and Random Error
Chapter 27: Measures of Association
Chapter 28: HypothesisTesting
Chapter 29: Confidence Intervals
Chapter 30: Measuring Agreement Beyond Chance
Chapter 31: Regression and Correlation

Unit VI: Moving from Evidence to Action
Chapter 32: Number Needed to Treat
Chapter 33: Applying Results to Individual Patients
Chapter 34: Incorporating Patient Values
Chapter 35: Interpreting Levels of Evidence and Grades of Health Care Recommendations
Chapter 36: Recommendations about Screening

Appendix
Glossary
Index
CD-ROM Installation Instructions