Ophthalmic Clinical Procedures, A Multimedia Guide

Ophthalmic Clinical Procedures

A Multimedia Guide

By Frank Eperjesi, BSc(Hons), PhD, MCOptom, Dip Orth, FAAO, MHEA, PGCertHE, Director of Optometry Programme, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Aston University, Birmingham, UK; Hannah E. Bartlett, BSc(Hons), PhD, MCOptom, Research Fellow; and Mark C. M. Dunne, BSc, PhD, MCOptom, Lecturer, Optometry


Section 1 Pre-refraction

Chapter 1.0 History and symptoms
Chapter 1.1 Focimetry
Chapter 1.2 Measurement of visual acuity
Chapter 1.3 Tests for binocular fixation
Chapter 1.4 Cover test
Chapter 1.5 Oculo-motility testing
Chapter 1.6 Interpupillary distance measurement

Section 2 Refraction

Chapter 2.0 Static retinoscopy (objective refraction)
Chapter 2.1 Subjective refraction
Chapter 2.2 Binocular balancing and binocular add
Chapter 2.3 Determination of the near add
Chapter 2.4 Near fixation retinoscopy (Mohindra technique)
Chapter 2.5 Cycloplegic refraction

Section 3 Post-refraction

Chapter 3.0 Subjective measurements of heterophoria
Chapter 3.1 Accommodative amplitude
Chapter 3.2 Stereopsis and suppression
Chapter 3.3 Determining the aligning sphere and prism using the Mallett Unit
Chapter 3.4 Near point of convergence, jump convergence and fusional reserves
Chapter 3.5 Prescribing tips and counselling

Section 4 Ophthalmoscopy

Chapter 4. 0 Direct ophthalmoscopy: anterior segment examination
Chapter 4.1 Direct ophthalmoscopy: posterior segment
Chapter 4.2 Modified monocular indirect ophthalmoscopy
Chapter 4.3 Head mounted binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy
Chapter 4.4 Slit lamp indirect ophthalmoscopy
Chapter 4.5 Slit lamp direct ophthalmoscopy

Section 5 Slit Lamp

Chapter 5.0 Introduction
Chapter 5.1 Examination of the external and anterior structures
Chapter 5.2 Examination of the cornea
Chapter 5.3 Staining agents
Chapter 5.4 Tear evaluation
Chapter 5.5 Examination of the anterior chamber
Chapter 5.6 Examination of the crystalline lens
Chapter 5.7 Examination of the iris
Chapter 5.8 Examination of the vitreous

Section 6 Tonometry

Chapter 6.0 American Optical Non-contact Tonometer
Chapter 6.1 Pulsair non-contact tonometer
Chapter 6.2 Goldmann applanation tonometry
Chapter 6.3 Perkins Tonometer

Section 7 Visual Field Analysis

Chapter 7.0 Visual field analysis - instrument and patient set up
Chapter 7.1 Gross perimetry-confrontation and peripheral fields
Chapter 7.2 Bjerrum screen
Chapter 7.3 Goldmann perimetry
Chapter 7.4 Humphrey visual field analyser
Chapter 7.5 Henson Pro visual field analyser

Section 8 Advances Investigation

Chapter 8.0 Assessment of pupil function
Chapter 8.1 Amsler Grid
Chapter 8.2 Red Dot Test
Chapter 8.3 Colour vision testing
Chapter 8.4 Pelli-Robson Contrast Test
Chapter 8.5 Gonioscopy

Section 9 Specialised BV

Chapter 9.0 Measures of accommodation
Chapter 9.1 Vergence facility
Chapter 9.2 Determination of the AC/A ratio
Chapter 9.3 Detection of ARC using the Mallett Unit
Chapter 9.4 Detection of ARC using Bagolini Lenses
Chapter 9.5 Eccentric fixation

Section 10 Contact Lenses

Ch 10.0 Keratometry
Chapter 10.1 Non-invasive tear assessment
Chapter 10.2 Soft lens insertion and removal
Chapter 10.3 Soft lens fit assessment
Chapter 10.4 Gas permeable lens insertion, removal and recentration
Chapter 10.5 Gas permeable lens fit assessment
Chapter 10.6 Lid eversion

Glossary